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DBMS > MySQL vs. NuoDB vs. Oracle vs. OrientDB

System Properties Comparison MySQL vs. NuoDB vs. Oracle vs. OrientDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWidely used open source RDBMSNuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactionsWidely used RDBMSMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1277.89
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score1.05
Rank#149  Overall
#73  Relational DBMS
Score1343.59
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score4.82
Rank#68  Overall
#12  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Websitewww.mysql.comwww.nuodb.comwww.oracle.com/­databaseorientdb.com
Technical documentationdev.mysql.com/­docdoc.nuodb.comdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databaseorientdb.org/­docs/­3.0.x
DeveloperOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunNuoDB, Inc.OracleOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud
Initial release1995201319802010
Current release8.0.20, 202019c, February 20193.0.31, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availablecommercial infolimited edition freecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageC and C++C++C and C++Java
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)
Data schemeyesyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like query language, no joins
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoproprietary syntaxJava, SQLPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleJava, Javascript
TriggersyesyesyesHooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricdata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/writtenhorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle PartitioningSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
yes infoManaged transparently by NuoDBMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocan be realized in PL/SQLno infocould be achieved with distributed queries
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyesyesyes inforelationship in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infotunable commit protocolACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes infoMVCCyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoTemporary tableyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesStandard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative Usersfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurable
More information provided by the system vendor
MySQLNuoDBOracleOrientDB
Specific characteristicsHorizontal scale-out, continuous availability, multi-tenant support, ANSI SQL compatible,...
» more
Oracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Competitive advantagesNuoDB is a scale-out SQL RDBMS based on a Durable Distributed Caching (DDC) architecture....
» more
Typical application scenariosOperational / OLTP database workloads in data centers or public clouds
» more
Key customersDassault Systemes, Santander, Temenos
» more
Market metricsFast growing commercial and enterprise customer base IDC Innovators: Dynamically...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsSubscription-based pricing with free community edition and commercial enterprise...
» more
Oracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more

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