DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > MySQL vs. NuoDB vs. Oracle vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison MySQL vs. NuoDB vs. Oracle vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. TiDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Berkeley DB  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWidely used open source RDBMSNuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactionsWidely used RDBMSWidely used in-process key-value storeTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value store infosupports sorted and unsorted key sets
Native XML DBMS infoin the Oracle Berkeley DB XML version
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1255.45
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score1.22
Rank#156  Overall
#77  Relational DBMS
Score1325.60
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score3.77
Rank#87  Overall
#14  Key-value stores
#2  Native XML DBMS
Score2.40
Rank#118  Overall
#58  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.mysql.comnuodb.comwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­berkeleydb/­overview/­index.htmlpingcap.com
Technical documentationdev.mysql.com/­docdoc.nuodb.comdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasedocs.oracle.com/­cd/­E17076_05/­html/­index.htmldocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunNuoDB, Inc.OracleOracle infooriginally developed by Sleepycat, which was acquired by OraclePingCAP, Inc.
Initial release19952013198019942016
Current release8.0.22, 202019c, February 201918.1 (Core), June 20184.0, July 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availablecommercial infolimited edition freecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infocommercial license availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC and C++C++C and C++C, Java, C++ (depending on the Berkeley DB edition)Go, Rust
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
AIX
Android
FreeBSD
iOS
Linux
OS X
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyesyes infoonly with the Berkeley DB XML editionno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infoSQL interfaced based on SQLite is availableyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
.Net infoFigaro is a .Net framework assembly that extends Berkeley DB XML into an embeddable database engine for .NET
others infoThird-party libraries to manipulate Berkeley DB files are available for many languages
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Perl
Python
Tcl
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoproprietary syntaxJava, SQLPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possiblenono
Triggersyesyesyesyes infoonly for the SQL APIno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricdata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/writtenhorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioningnonehorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes infoManaged transparently by NuoDBMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replicationUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocan be realized in PL/SQLnoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyesyesnono infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infotunable commit protocolACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes infoMVCCyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoTemporary tableyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesStandard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative Usersfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
MySQLNuoDBOracleOracle Berkeley DBTiDB
Specific characteristicsOracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
TiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesIn the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersShopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metrics25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more
Open Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
News

How a Top Game Company Uses Chaos Engineering to Improve Testing
26 November 2020

Best Practices for TiDB on AWS Cloud
24 November 2020

PingCAP, the Company Behind TiDB, Raises $270 Million in Series D Funding
17 November 2020

TiDB on KubeSphere: Run a Cloud-Native Distributed Database on a Hybrid-Cloud Kubernetes Platform
16 November 2020

Flink + TiDB: A Scale-Out Real-Time Data Warehouse for Second-Level Analytics
11 November 2020

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesDatadog: Improve MySQL performance by visualizing and identifying errors fast using granular, out-of-the-box dashboards.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

ClusterControl: the only management system you’ll ever need to take control of your open source database infrastructure.
» more

Navicat for MySQL is the ideal solution for MySQL/MariaDB administration and development.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more
General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
» more

Navicat for Oracle improves the efficiency and productivity of Oracle developers and administrators with a streamlined working environment.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
MySQLNuoDBOracleOracle Berkeley DBTiDB
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

MariaDB strengthens its position in the open source RDBMS market
5 April 2018, Matthias Gelbmann

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

show all

Meet some database management systems you are likely to hear more about in the future
4 August 2014, Paul Andlinger

show all

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Architecting eCommerce Platforms for Zero Downtime on Black Friday and Beyond
25 November 2016, Tony Branson (guest author)

show all

Recent citations in the news

Oracle Announces Availability of Integrated, High-performance Analytics Engine for MySQL Database Service
2 December 2020, PRNewswire

SQL Market Next Big Thing | Major Giants MySQL, PostgreSQL, Sybase
28 November 2020, The Haitian-Caribbean News Network

Delphix Bets Big on MySQL, Mongo, and Couchbase with Select Connectors
17 November 2020, Security Boulevard

How to automate your infrastructure with Ansible
2 December 2020, IT PRO

Google acquires Actifio to step into the area of data management and business continuity
2 December 2020, TechCrunch

provided by Google News

Dassault Systèmes Announces the Acquisition of NuoDB, a Cloud-Native Distributed SQL Database Leader
25 November 2020, Business Wire

Dassault Systèmes acquires NuoDB, a cloud-native distributed SQL database leader
30 November 2020, Design World Network

Dassault Systèmes to acquire Cambridge database startup
25 November 2020, Boston Business Journal

NuoDB Releases 4.1 Featuring Analytics & Performance Upgrades for The Banking Industry and Is Recognized as A Sample Vendor in Gartner's Hype Cycle for Data Management, 2020
10 August 2020, GlobeNewswire

Database Automation Market Report 2020, Size, Share, SWOT Analysis and Forecast Outlook, Regional Trends Analysis, Global Forecast and Key Participants and Key Players – NuoDB (US), TestingWhiz (US), Puppet (US), Clustrix (US), and MemSQL (US)
30 November 2020, The Market Feed

provided by Google News

Oracle takes a new twist on MySQL: Adding data warehousing to the cloud service
2 December 2020, ZDNet

Oracle Calls Out AWS on Exadata Cloud Service, Shares Customer Wins
13 November 2020, Cloud Wars

Oracle Flies Overall Leader Flag Over AWS Camp
5 November 2020, SDxCentral

In shot at Microsoft, Amazon announces open-source Babelfish database translation tool
2 December 2020, SiliconANGLE News

What are the Steps to Become Oracle Database Certified?
29 November 2020, IMC Grupo

provided by Google News

Fedora Looking To Transition The RPM Database From Berkeley DB To SQLite
16 March 2020, Phoronix

The best IoT databases for the edge – an overview and guide
15 October 2020, AZ Big Media

Getting Started with Oracle Berkeley DB
30 August 2009, DZone News

Oracle switches Berkeley DB license
5 July 2013, InfoWorld

Man-DB Brings Documentation to IBM i
12 August 2020, IT Jungle

provided by Google News

PingCAP, the open-source developer behind TiDB, closes $270 million Series D
17 November 2020, TechCrunch

PingCAP raises $270M to develop core technologies and advance global expansion of its offerings
18 November 2020, Help Net Security

Cloud Native Computing Foundation Announces etcd Graduation
24 November 2020, Yahoo Finance

PingCap picks up $270M Series D
18 November 2020, PitchBook News & Analysis

PingCAP launches TiDB Cloud, a fully-managed database as a service offering
25 June 2020, Help Net Security

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Loss Prevention Specialist
Amazon.com Services LLC, Memphis, TN

Loss Prevention Specialist
Amazon.com Services LLC, Concord, NC

FRONT END DEVELOPER
Coalition Technologies, Culver City, CA

Software Engineer Internship
WebFX, Inc., Harrisburg, PA

MySQL Database Administrator
Updox, Remote

Entry Level Database Developer
IMG-Crown Energy Services Joint Venture, LLC, Remote

Sr. Oracle Database Developer
Biswas Information Technology Solutions, Inc., Herndon, VA

Senior Oracle Database Administrator
Rogers Group, Inc., Nashville, TN

Application Developer: Oracle Database
IBM, California

Oracle Database Administrator
ITResonance, Chicago, IL

Database Administrator
Backblaze, San Mateo, CA

Senior Software Engineer (Cloud Database Infra), Cash App
Cash App, New York, NY

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Datastax Astra logo

Cassandra made easy in the cloud. Build cloud-native applications faster with CQL, REST and GraphQL APIs.
Try for Free.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Vertica logo

The fastest unified analytical warehouse at extreme scale with in-database Machine Learning. Try Vertica for free with no time limit.

Present your product here