DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > MySQL vs. NuoDB vs. Oracle vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. Realm

System Properties Comparison MySQL vs. NuoDB vs. Oracle vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. Realm

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Berkeley DB  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWidely used open source RDBMSNuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactionsWidely used RDBMSWidely used in-process key-value storeA DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core Data
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value store infosupports sorted and unsorted key sets
Native XML DBMS infoin the Oracle Berkeley DB XML version
Document store
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1275.67
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score0.93
Rank#157  Overall
#76  Relational DBMS
Score1346.39
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score2.81
Rank#88  Overall
#15  Key-value stores
#2  Native XML DBMS
Score8.27
Rank#45  Overall
#8  Document stores
Websitewww.mysql.comwww.nuodb.comwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­berkeleydb/­overview/­index.htmlrealm.io
Technical documentationdev.mysql.com/­docdoc.nuodb.comdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasedocs.oracle.com/­cd/­E17076_05/­html/­index.htmlrealm.io/­docs
DeveloperOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunNuoDB, Inc.OracleOracle infooriginally developed by Sleepycat, which was acquired by OracleRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019
Initial release19952013198019942014
Current release8.0.18, October 201919c, February 201918.1 (Core), June 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availablecommercial infolimited edition freecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infocommercial license availableOpen Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageC and C++C++C and C++C, Java, C++ (depending on the Berkeley DB edition)
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
AIX
Android
FreeBSD
iOS
Linux
OS X
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
Android
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyesyes infoonly with the Berkeley DB XML editionno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infoSQL interfaced based on SQLite is availableno
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
.Net infoFigaro is a .Net framework assembly that extends Berkeley DB XML into an embeddable database engine for .NET
others infoThird-party libraries to manipulate Berkeley DB files are available for many languages
C
C#
C++
Java
Perl
Python
Tcl
.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoproprietary syntaxJava, SQLPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possiblenono inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessary
Triggersyesyesyesyes infoonly for the SQL APIyes infoChange Listeners
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricdata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/writtenhorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioningnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
yes infoManaged transparently by NuoDBMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-slave replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocan be realized in PL/SQLnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyesyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infotunable commit protocolACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes infoMVCCyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoTemporary tableyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'yesyes infoIn-Memory realm
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesStandard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative Usersfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoyes
More information provided by the system vendor
MySQLNuoDBOracleOracle Berkeley DBRealm
Specific characteristicsHorizontal scale-out, continuous availability, multi-tenant support, ANSI SQL compatible,...
» more
Oracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Now a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
» more
Competitive advantagesNuoDB is a scale-out SQL RDBMS based on a Durable Distributed Caching (DDC) architecture....
» more
Realm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
» more
Typical application scenariosOperational / OLTP database workloads in data centers or public clouds
» more
Mobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
Key customersDassault Systemes, Santander, Temenos
» more
Cathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
Market metricsFast growing commercial and enterprise customer base IDC Innovators: Dynamically...
» more
Used by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsSubscription-based pricing with free community edition and commercial enterprise...
» more
Oracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more
Realm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more
News

Top 10 FAQs from KubeCon 2019 in San Diego (Tech Blog)
26 November 2019

How Can I Confirm That My NuoDB Upgrade Completed Successfully? (Tech Blog)
20 November 2019

NuoDB Golang Operator Now Available, Delivering On Automated Day 2 Operations (Tech Blog)
13 November 2019

3 Inflection Points Transforming the Banking Industry (Corporate Blog)
29 October 2019

Your Upgrade Guide for NuoDB - 4 Simple Steps for Success (Tech Blog)
2 October 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

Dremio is like magic for MySQL accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
» more

Navicat for MySQL is the ideal solution for MySQL/MariaDB administration and development.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

ScaleGrid: Fully managed MySQL-as-a-Service.
» more

SQLPro for MySQL: A simple but powerful MySQL database client available on iPhone and iPad as well as macOS.
» more

Azure Database for MySQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community MySQL database as a service
» more
Navicat for Oracle improves the efficiency and productivity of Oracle developers and administrators with a streamlined working environment.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

DBHawk: a web-based Oracle database management and self-service BI software.
» more

Dremio is like magic for Oracle accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
MySQLNuoDBOracleOracle Berkeley DBRealm
DB-Engines blog posts

MariaDB strengthens its position in the open source RDBMS market
5 April 2018, Matthias Gelbmann

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

Meet some database management systems you are likely to hear more about in the future
4 August 2014, Paul Andlinger

show all

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Architecting eCommerce Platforms for Zero Downtime on Black Friday and Beyond
25 November 2016, Tony Branson (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

show all

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

Experts Talk Specialized Solutions for MySQL
2 December 2019, Database Trends and Applications

Query Performance Optimization in MySQL
2 December 2019, Database Journal

Global Relational Databases Software Market 2019-2025 MySQL, Oracle, SAP
5 December 2019, Eastlake Times

Understanding Schema Optimization in MySQL
11 November 2019, Database Journal

Alliance Key Manager Now Supports Encryption Key Management for MySQL Enterprise Edition Database
19 November 2019, Benzinga

provided by Google News

NuoDB Partners with Rancher Labs to Deliver a Cloud-native SQL Database Across Multi-Cloud Environments for Hong Kong FinTech Leader WeLab
19 November 2019, Associated Press

NuoDB, Rancher Labs partner to help WeLab set up virtual bank
21 November 2019, IBS Intelligence

Temenos Benchmarks Its Cloud-native Digital Banking Software on AWS and Proves Its Ability to Handle Over Half the World's Banking Transaction Volumes on a Single Instance of the Software
21 November 2019, Business Wire

NuoDB to Join Intel, & Temenos at SIBOS 2019 to Demonstrate the Power of Distributed SQL Databases
23 September 2019, GlobeNewswire

Research Segment & Revenue by Global Database Automation Market (2020-2029) - Oracle, Microsoft, CA Technologies
5 December 2019, 5Gigs News

provided by Google News

Oracle Ranks First in all Four Use Cases for Oracle Database in Gartner's Critical Capabilities for Operational Database Management Systems Report
5 December 2019, PRNewswire

Oracle allegedly underpaid women and minorities by $400 million. Now the details are set to come out in court.
5 December 2019, The Washington Post

Oracle v. Rimini Street Lawsuit: A Guide
5 December 2019, Forbes

Biggest innovation in Oracle Database Software market to Undertake Strapping Growth at CAGR of +10% by the End 2026 by Amazon, Oracle Corporation, IBM, Microsoft Corporation, Google
4 December 2019, Market Expert

Rimini Street Announces Global Availability of Application Management Services for Oracle Database and Applications
8 November 2019, MarTech Series

provided by Google News

Getting Started with Oracle Berkeley DB
5 July 2015, DZone News

Oracle switches Berkeley DB license
5 July 2013, InfoWorld

Database Trends Report: SQL Beats NoSQL, MySQL Most Popular
5 March 2019, ADT Magazine

Top Local Databases for React Native App Development {A 2020 List}
15 October 2019, Appinventiv

Under the Hood: Oracle Berkeley DB XML
7 May 2008, XML.com

provided by Google News

Realm Makes PostgreSQL Real-Time with New Connector
21 March 2017, Database Trends and Applications

Realm Receives Investment from Ericsson Ventures to Advance Development of Edge Computing Solutions
21 September 2017, Business Wire

Realm Platform 2.0 Is Significant Step Forward for Building Responsive and Real-Time Mobile Applications
17 October 2017, Business Wire

How Realm's New React Native Database Helps Developers
2 March 2016, App Developer Magazine

Kotlin Programming Language Will Surpass Java On Android Next Year
15 October 2017, Fossbytes

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Database Administrator (MySQL)
Artemis Consulting, Inc., Research Triangle Park, NC

MySQL Database Administrator
Artemis Consulting, Inc., Washington, DC

Database Administrator (MySQL)
Artemis Consulting, Inc., Washington, DC

Database Administrator (MySQL)
Artemis Consulting, Inc., Atlanta, GA

Database Administrator (MySQL)
Artemis Consulting, Inc., Philadelphia, PA

Senior Product Manager
NuoDB, Cambridge, MA

Senior Oracle Database Administrator
GovernmentCIO, Remote

OBIEE+ Consultant / Architect (Oracle Business Intelligence - Enterprise Edition + Hyperion Reports + Hyperion Analyzer)
Decision Support Technology, Connecticut

Oracle Essbase Consultant / Architect
Decision Support Technology, Connecticut

Principal Data Science Engineer
Medtronic, Boulder, CO

Hyperion FDM / FQDM Consultant / Architect - FDM (Financial Data Management)
Decision Support Technology, Connecticut

Senior Systems Engineer
DeNovo Solutions, Annapolis Junction, MD

Database Engineer, Senior
Independent Software, Annapolis Junction, MD

Senior Developer
Spectrum Systems, Riverwoods, IL

Software Engineer, iOS
Warner Bros. Entertainment Group, Philadelphia, PA

Senior Android Software Engineer
Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory (APL), Laurel, MD

Software Engineer, iOS - New York
Lyft, New York, NY

Software Engineer, iOS
Lyft, San Francisco, CA

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.


Datastax logo

Build data-driven applications that set the standard for performance, availability,
& scale with DataStax.
Learn more.

Redis logo

Hosted, serverless DBaaS
in 3 steps.

30MB Free!
Start now.

RavenDB logo

Setup a fully managed RavenDB Cloud Database in minutes. Enjoy hosting, management, backups all in one place.
Grab a Free Instance

Present your product here