DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > MySQL vs. Neo4j vs. Titan

System Properties Comparison MySQL vs. Neo4j vs. Titan

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonTitan  Xexclude from comparison
Titan has been decommisioned after the takeover by Datastax. It will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking. A fork has been open-sourced as JanusGraph.
DescriptionWidely used open source RDBMSScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsTitan is a Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters.
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIGraph DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1199.40
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score57.34
Rank#20  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.mysql.comneo4j.comtitan.thinkaurelius.com
Technical documentationdev.mysql.com/­docneo4j.com/­docsgithub.com/­thinkaurelius/­titan/­wiki
DeveloperOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunNeo4j, Inc.Aurelius, owned by DataStax
Initial release199520072012
Current release8.0.31, October 20225.2, November 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache license, version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting On-Premises and on a wide variety of cloud providers. Easily deploy, monitor, provision, and scale your deployments in the cloud.Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageC and C++Java, ScalaJava
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free and schema-optionalyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsnono
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Java API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Clojure
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoproprietary syntaxyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsyes
Triggersyesyes infovia event handleryes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricyes using Neo4j Fabricyes infovia pluggable storage backends
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Causal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics engine
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes infoRelationships in graphsyes infoRelationships in graph
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcast
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)User authentification and security via Rexster Graph Server
More information provided by the system vendor
MySQLNeo4jTitan
Specific characteristicsNeo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

This Week in Neo4j: NODES Session Recordings, Connection in Large Data Sets, Graph ML Systems, Next.js, Graph Embeddings, Bitcoin, and More
3 December 2022

Telstra’s Neo4j Graphie Award for Excellence in Data Discovery: Why Neo4j?
2 December 2022

20 NODES 2022 Talks You Don’t Want to Miss
29 November 2022

Neo4j Workspace: Available on Aura Free and Professional
23 November 2022

Neo4j Announces a New Continuous Release & Support Model for Neo4j 5
23 November 2022

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for MySQL is the ideal solution for MySQL/MariaDB administration and development.
» more

Percona: Database problems? Not on your watch.
Databases run better with Percona.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

Arctype: A fast, beautiful database GUI for developers and teams. Download it for free today.
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

DbVisualizer is equipping database professionals with the tools they need to build, manage and maintain state-of-the-art database technologies. It has sky-high user satisfaction and is the preferred tool for database professionals around the world. Customers include Tesla, Apple, Facebook, Deutsche Bank, NASA, and 25,000 others in 145 countries.
» more
Graphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
MySQLNeo4jTitan
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

MariaDB strengthens its position in the open source RDBMS market
5 April 2018, Matthias Gelbmann

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

show all

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

show all

Graph DBMS increased their popularity by 500% within the last 2 years
3 March 2015, Paul Andlinger

Graph DBMSs are gaining in popularity faster than any other database category
21 January 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

10 more essential MySQL performance tuning tips
7 November 2022, InfoWorld

AWS Announces Blue/Green Deployments for MySQL on Aurora and RDS
3 December 2022, InfoQ.com

Mysql/php group books of the same author
3 December 2022, SitePoint

Juggling hundreds and thousands of MySQL databases? Throw them into the cloud
22 November 2022, The Register

Connect mysql with php using docker and workbench
22 November 2022, SitePoint

provided by Google News

Neo4j 5 accelerates graph database queries
9 November 2022, TechTarget

Neo4j 5 Graph Database Supports Automated Scaling and Deployment Interoperability
24 November 2022, InfoQ.com

Neo4j Live Demo: Knowledge Graphs for Skills Discovery
30 November 2022, KPBS

Full Stack GraphQL Book Club – Chapter 3: Graphs In The Database
1 December 2022, KPBS

Graph Databases Software Market Forecast, Trend Analysis To 2028 |, Neo4j, ArangoDB, SAP, Twitter, The Apache Software Foundation, Cayley, DataStax, IBM, Microsoft, The Apache Software Foundation, HyperGraphDB, Oracle, Teradata – The C-Drone Re
14 November 2022, The C-Drone Review

provided by Google News

Beyond Titan: The Evolution of DataStax's New Graph Database
21 June 2016, Datanami

DataStax acquires Aurelius, the startup behind the Titan graph database
3 February 2015, VentureBeat

With 22.5% CAGR, Graph Database Market Size Estimated to Reach $5.1 billion by 2026
20 July 2022, Digital Journal

The continuing rise of graph databases
15 May 2017, ZDNet

TigerGraph, a graph database born to roar
19 September 2017, ZDNet

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

MySQL Database Developer
Agama Solutions, San Francisco, CA

PHP/MySQL Developers
Webmasters.com, Tampa, FL

 PHP/MySQL Developer
Third Rock, Austin, TX

MySQL DBA
Integra Global Solutions, Remote

MySQL
Encore Theme, Dallas, TX

Data Engineer
MARS, Franklin, TN

Data Engineer - Royal Canin Americas
MARS, Newark, NJ

Data Engineer - Royal Canin Americas
MARS, Saint Charles, MO

Jr. Data Scientist
Kyla, San Jose, CA

Data Engineer - Royal Canin Americas
MARS, Chicago, IL

Senior Software Development Engineer
Workday, Pleasanton, CA

Senior Enterprise Security Engineer
ServiceTitan, Remote

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

The definitive guide for Cassandra

Imagine What You Could Do if Scalability Wasn‘t a Problem!
Download the Cassandra e-book for free!

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Present your product here