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DBMS > MySQL vs. Neo4j vs. Teradata

System Properties Comparison MySQL vs. Neo4j vs. Teradata

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonTeradata  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWidely used open source RDBMSScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsA hybrid cloud data analytics software platform (Teradata Vantage)
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIGraph DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1126.64
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score49.99
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score55.69
Rank#20  Overall
#14  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.mysql.comneo4j.comwww.teradata.com
Technical documentationdev.mysql.com/­docneo4j.com/­docsdocs.teradata.com
DeveloperOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunNeo4j, Inc.Teradata
Initial release199520071984
Current release8.2.0, October 20235.14, November 2023Teradata Vantage 1.0 MU2, January 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Aiven for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL, deployable in the cloud of your choice, with seamless integrations and lightning-fast setup.
  • PlanetScale: Deploy a fully managed database with the reliability of MySQL and the scale of open source Vitess with PlanetScale today. Predictably scale, increase workflow velocity, and deploy features with zero downtime.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageC and C++Java, Scala
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hosted
Linux
Data schemeyesschema-free and schema-optionalyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes infoJoin-index to prejoin tables, aggregate index, sparse index, hash index
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsnoyes infoSQL 2016 + extensions
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
.NET Client API
HTTP REST
JDBC
JMS Adapter
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C++
Cobol
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
Perl
PL/1
Python
R
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoproprietary syntaxyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsyes infoUDFs, stored procedures, table functions in parallel
Triggersyesyes infovia event handleryes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricyes using Neo4j FabricSharding infoHashing
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Causal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes infoRelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
MySQLNeo4jTeradata
Specific characteristicsNeo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

This Week in Neo4j: RAG, Dashboards, QGIS Plugins, Needle and more
2 December 2023

Top 10 Sessions From NODES 2023
28 November 2023

This Week in Neo4j: Py2Neo, Time Series, Data Clusters, Graph Database Internals and more
25 November 2023

AWS and Neo4j Join Forces to Solve LLM Hallucinations and Evolve GenAI
21 November 2023

This Week in Neo4j: RAG, Constraints, NODES 2023 Recap, CI/CD Pipeline Security and more
18 November 2023

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for MySQL is the ideal solution for MySQL/MariaDB administration and development.
» more

PlanetScale: Deploy a fully managed serverless database with the reliability of MySQL and the tested scalability of Vitess. Predictably scale, increase workflow velocity, and deploy features with zero downtime.
Get started with a PlanetScale database today for free.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for MySQL and many other database management systems.
» more

Aiven for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL, deployable in the cloud of your choice, with seamless integrations and lightning-fast setup.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
MySQLNeo4jTeradata
DB-Engines blog posts

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Conferences, events and webinars

MySQL Enterprise Workshop
Denver, CO, 7 December 2023

MySQL Enterprise Workshop
Austin, TX, 13 December 2023

MySQL HeatWave and Database Day
Austin, TX, 14 December 2023

MySQL Enterprise Workshop
Orlando, FL, 31 January 2024

Recent citations in the news

Insert Data into a MySQL Database via a Python Script
26 November 2023, The New Stack

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21 November 2023, SDTimes.com

Every enterprise is thinking about GenAI: Laxman Singh, Neo4j
24 November 2023, ETCIO

Pharma boffins sharpen hunt for target molecules using graph DB
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Teradata launches its AI discovery and exploration tools on AWS cloud
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17 November 2023, Yahoo Finance

Teradata Corp's CEO Stephen Mcmillan Sells 7,500 Shares: An ...
13 November 2023, Yahoo Finance

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