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DBMS > MySQL vs. Neo4j

System Properties Comparison MySQL vs. Neo4j

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWidely used open source RDBMSOpen source graph database
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1261.57
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score50.18
Rank#21  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.mysql.comneo4j.com
Technical documentationdev.mysql.com/­docneo4j.com/­docs
DeveloperOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunNeo4j, Inc.
Initial release19952007
Current release8.0.21, 20204.1.1, July 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC and C++Java, Scala
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free and schema-optional
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucene
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsno
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoproprietary syntaxyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functions
Triggersyesyes infovia event handler
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Causal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version only
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
MySQLNeo4j
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

Combating Money Laundering: Graph Tech Fights Serious Crimes
10 August 2020

This Week in Neo4j – Covid Graph GraphQL API, Spring Data Neo4j 6 Experiments, CompoundDB4j
8 August 2020

Easy Explainability: 5-Minute Interview with Calin Constantinov
7 August 2020

7 Quick Tips to Get More from the GDS Library [Tip Sheet]
6 August 2020

Building a Graph of History with The Codex
5 August 2020

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
MySQLNeo4j
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

MariaDB strengthens its position in the open source RDBMS market
5 April 2018, Matthias Gelbmann

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

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Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

show all

Recent citations in the news

ScaleFlux computational storage makes Percona MySQL faster
5 August 2020, Blocks and Files

Best data management course deal: 95% off MySQL bootcamp (UK deal)
2 August 2020, Mashable

PHP MYSQL Programming, For Beginners, Quick Start Guide.
8 August 2020, Digital Market News

MYSQL Programming, For Beginners, Quick Start Guide.
9 August 2020, Digital Market News

Why MongoDB is 'fundamentally better' for developers
10 August 2020, OmniChannel Media

provided by Google News

Security BSides Athens 2020 – Talk 05 – Tasos Chatziefstratiou’s ‘Visualize Windows Events Using Python3 & Neo4j’
6 August 2020, Security Boulevard

Graph Analytics Market Growing at a CAGR 34.0% | Key Player Microsoft, IBM, AWS, Oracle, Neo4j
15 July 2020, Virtual-Strategy Magazine

GRAPH DATABASE MARKET OUTLOOK TO 2026 LEADING BY INDUSTRY PLAYERS LIKE ORACLE, IBM, MICROSOFT, AMAZON WEB SERVICES, INC., NEO4J, INC., TIBCO SOFTWARE INC – Bulletin Line
10 August 2020, Bulletin Line

Global Graph Database Market 2020 – Impact of COVID-19, Future Growth Analysis and Challenges | triAGENS GmbH(Arango DB), Neo4j, Inc, OrientDB Ltd, Cayley
9 August 2020, Galus Australis

Neo4j 4.0 adds enterprise Fabric to its graph database
4 February 2020, ZDNet

provided by Google News

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