DBMS > MySQL vs. NebulaGraph vs. YDB
System Properties Comparison MySQL vs. NebulaGraph vs. YDB
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||MySQL Xexclude from comparison||NebulaGraph Xexclude from comparison||YDB Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||Widely used open source RDBMS||A distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMS||A distributed fault-tolerant database service, with high availability, scalability, immediate consistency and ACID transactions and providing an Amazon DynamoDB compatible API|
|Primary database model||Relational DBMS Key/Value like access via memcached API||Graph DBMS||Document store|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
|Developer||Oracle since 2010, originally MySQL AB, then Sun||Vesoft Inc.||Yandex|
|Current release||8.1.0, July 2023|
|License Commercial or Open Source||Open Source GPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are available||Open Source Apache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0||Open Source Apache 2.0; commercial license available|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||no||no|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
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|Implementation language||C and C++||C++|
|Server operating systems||FreeBSD|
|Data scheme||yes||Strong typed schema||Flexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||yes||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||yes||no||no|
|Secondary indexes||yes||yes Nebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.||yes|
|SQL Support of SQL||yes with proprietary extensions||SQL-like query language||SQL-like query language (YQL)|
|APIs and other access methods||ADO.NET|
Proprietary native API
Cypher Query Language
GO Object Graph Mapper
Java Object Graph Mapper
NGBatis ORM framework for NebulaGraph and Spring-Boot
Proprietary native API
Python Object Graph Mapper
Query language nGQL
|RESTful HTTP API (DynamoDB compatible)|
|Supported programming languages||Ada|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||yes proprietary syntax||user defined functions||no|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||horizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabric||Sharding||Sharding|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||Multi-source replication|
|Causal Clustering using Raft protocol||Active-passive shard replication|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||no||no|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||yes not for MyISAM storage engine||yes Relationships in graphs||no|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID not for MyISAM storage engine||ACID||ACID|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes table locks or row locks depending on storage engine||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes using RocksDB||yes|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||yes||yes||no|
|User concepts Access control||Users with fine-grained authorization concept no user groups or roles||Role-based access control||Access rights defined for Yandex Cloud users|
|More information provided by the system vendor|
|Specific characteristics||NebulaGraph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...|
|Competitive advantages||NebulaGraph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...|
|Typical application scenarios||Social networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...|
|Key customers||Currently we have some top internet companies in China implementing NebulaGraph in...|
|Market metrics||At our very early stage, NebulaGraph has already received over 8,200 stars and thousands...|
|Licensing and pricing models||NebulaGraph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license.|
We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
|Related products and services|
|3rd parties||Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for MySQL and many other database management systems.|
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Navicat for MySQL is the ideal solution for MySQL/MariaDB administration and development.
We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.
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