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DBMS > MySQL vs. NebulaGraph vs. SingleStore

System Properties Comparison MySQL vs. NebulaGraph vs. SingleStore

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonNebulaGraph  Xexclude from comparisonSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWidely used open source RDBMSA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMSMySQL wire-compliant distributed RDBMS that combines an in-memory row-oriented and a disc-based column-oriented storage with patented universal storage to handle transactional and analytical workloads in one single table type
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIGraph DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1195.45
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score1.79
Rank#154  Overall
#12  Graph DBMS
Score6.78
Rank#62  Overall
#34  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.mysql.comgithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
www.singlestore.com
Technical documentationdev.mysql.com/­docdocs.nebula-graph.iodocs.singlestore.com
DeveloperOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunVesoft Inc.SingleStore Inc.
Initial release199520192013
Current release8.0.32, January 20237.6, November 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0commercial infofree developer edition available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting On-Premises and on a wide variety of cloud providers. Easily deploy, monitor, provision, and scale your deployments in the cloud.SingleStore Managed Service: The world's fastest, modern cloud database for both operational (OLTP) and analytical (OLAP) workloads. Available instantly with multi-cloud and hybrid-cloud capabilities
Implementation languageC and C++C++C++, Go
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
LinuxLinux info64 bit version required
Data schemeyesStrong typed schemayes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.yes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like query languageyes infobut no triggers and foreign keys
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Browser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
Cluster Management API infoas HTTP Rest and CLI
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C++
Go
Java
Python
Bash
C
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoproprietary syntaxyes
Triggersyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL FabricShardingSharding infohash partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Causal Clustering using Raft protocolSource-replica replication infostores two copies of each physical data partition on two separate nodes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocan define user-defined aggregate functions for map-reduce-style calculations
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes infoRelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infousing RocksDByes infoAll updates are persistent, including those to disk-based columnstores and memory-based row stores. Transaction commits are supported via write-ahead log.
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesRole-based access controlFine grained access control via users, groups and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
MySQLNebulaGraphSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQL
Specific characteristicsNebulaGraph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
SingleStore offers a fully-managed , distributed, highly-scalable SQL database designed...
» more
Competitive advantagesNebulaGraph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
SingleStore’s competitive advantages include: Easy and Simplified Architecture with...
» more
Typical application scenariosSocial networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Driving Fast Analytics: SingleStore delivers the fastest and most scalable reporting...
» more
Key customersCurrently we have some top internet companies in China implementing NebulaGraph in...
» more
IEX Cloud : Improves Financial Data Distribution Speed 15x with Singlestore DB Comcast,...
» more
Market metricsAt our very early stage, NebulaGraph has already received over 8,200 stars and thousands...
» more
Customers in various industries worldwide including US and International Industry...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsNebulaGraph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license.
» more
F ree Tier and Enterprise Edition
» more

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More resources
MySQLNebulaGraphSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQL
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Webinar, 10:00AM PST, 16 February 2023

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