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DBMS > MySQL vs. Nebula Graph vs. Neo4j

System Properties Comparison MySQL vs. Nebula Graph vs. Neo4j

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWidely used open source RDBMSA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMSOpen source graph database
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIGraph DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1256.38
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score0.55
Rank#222  Overall
#18  Graph DBMS
Score51.34
Rank#21  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.mysql.comgithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
neo4j.com
Technical documentationdev.mysql.com/­docdocs.nebula-graph.ioneo4j.com/­docs
DeveloperOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunVesoft Inc.Neo4j, Inc.
Initial release199520192007
Current release8.0.22, 20204.1.3, October 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC and C++C++Java, Scala
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
LinuxLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesStrong typed schemaschema-free and schema-optional
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.yes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucene
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like query languageno
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Browser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C++
Go
Java
Python
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoproprietary syntaxyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functions
Triggersyesyes infovia event handler
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL FabricShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Causal Clustering using Raft protocolCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version only
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes infoRelationships in graphsyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infousing RocksDByes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesRole-based access controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
MySQLNebula GraphNeo4j
Specific characteristicsNebula Graph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesNebula Graph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosSocial networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersCurrently we have some top internet companies in China implementing Nebula Graph...
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsAt our very early stage, Nebula Graph has already received 3.5k stars and thousands...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsNebula Graph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

Nebula Graph v1.1 Release Note
21 September 2020

Pick of the Week at Nebula Graph - Configuration recommendations for data import
18 September 2020

How to Migrate Data from Neo4j to Nebula Graph with Nebula Graph Exchange
17 September 2020

Nebula Graph 1.0 Benchmark Report based on the LDBC Dataset
11 September 2020

Pick of the Week at Nebula Graph - Nebula Graph DBaaS is Public for Beta Test
11 September 2020

This Week in Neo4j – Graph-Native Machine Learning in Neo4j, All About Super Nodes, Quick prototyping with GRAND stack
24 October 2020

#GraphCast: Graph Data Science Library
23 October 2020

Graph Visualization Just Got Easier: Introducing Neo4j Bloom 1.4!
22 October 2020

Announcing: Graph-Native Machine Learning in Neo4j!
21 October 2020

NODES 2020 Virtual Space: Have a Peek
19 October 2020

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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MySQLNebula GraphNeo4j
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