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DBMS > MongoDB vs. TimescaleDB vs. TypeDB

System Properties Comparison MongoDB vs. TimescaleDB vs. TypeDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonTimescaleDB  Xexclude from comparisonTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureA time series DBMS optimized for fast ingest and complex queries, based on PostgreSQLTypeDB is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.
Primary database modelDocument storeTime Series DBMSGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score496.16
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score3.14
Rank#93  Overall
#5  Time Series DBMS
Score0.84
Rank#193  Overall
#16  Graph DBMS
#94  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.mongodb.comwww.timescale.comvaticle.com
Technical documentationdocs.mongodb.com/­manualdocs.timescale.comdocs.vaticle.com
DeveloperMongoDB, IncTimescaleGrakn Labs / Vaticle
Initial release200920172016
Current release5.0, July 20212.2, June 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceno infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)nono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++CJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.yesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialnumerics, strings, booleans, arrays, JSON blobs, geospatial dimensions, currencies, binary data, other complex data typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BIyes infofull PostgreSQL SQL syntaxno
APIs and other access methodsproprietary protocol using JSONADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
console (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
Supported programming languagesActionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
All JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptuser defined functions, PL/pgSQL, PL/Tcl, PL/Perl, PL/Python, PL/Java, PL/PHP, PL/R, PL/Ruby, PL/Scheme, PL/Unix shellno
Triggersyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.yes, across time and space (hash partitioning) attributesSharding infoby using Cassandra
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication with hot standby and reads on replicas infoMulti-source replication infoby using Cassandra
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeeper
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyesno infosubstituted by the relationship feature
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infooptional, enabled by defaultyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progress
More information provided by the system vendor
MongoDBTimescaleDBTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
Specific characteristicsMongoDB’s application data platform provides developers a unified interface to power...
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Timescale is the creator of TimescaleDB , the first open-source relational database...
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TypeDB is a database technology that serves as the knowledge base foundation to intelligent...
» more
Competitive advantagesThe MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
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TimescaleDB is purpose-built to scale and handle time-series data workloads and is...
» more
Expressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of TypeDB allows for modelling...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
DevOps and Infrastructure Monitoring All monitoring data is time-series data. Efficiently...
» more
Life sciences : TypeDB makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Key customersADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
TransferWise, Maersk, AppDynamics, Walmart, Comcast, LaunchDarkly, IBM, NOV, Cisco,...
» more
Market metrics175 million downloads, over 1.5M Atlas database clusters under management handling...
» more
With over 9,000 GitHub stars and growing, 600,000 active databases, and an active...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more
TimescaleDB comes in 3 versions, including fully managed Cloud-hosted solutions*,...
» more
AGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more
Related products and services
3rd partiesFivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more

Studio 3T: The world's favorite IDE for working with MongoDB
» more

ClusterControl: the only management system you’ll ever need to take control of your open source database infrastructure.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

Navicat for MongoDB gives you a highly effective GUI interface for MongoDB database management, administration and development.
» more
ClusterControl: the only management system you’ll ever need to take control of your open source database infrastructure.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
MongoDBTimescaleDBTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
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Conferences and events

Introduction to MongoDB
11 am ET | 3 pm GMT | 4 pm BST, 27 July 2021

Recent citations in the news

MongoDB adds scaling, compliance boosts to version 5.0 of its database platform
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