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DBMS > MongoDB vs. Solr

System Properties Comparison MongoDB vs. Solr

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonSolr  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureA widely used distributed, scalable search engine based on Apache Lucene
Primary database modelDocument storeSearch engine
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score489.64
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score54.05
Rank#21  Overall
#3  Search engines
Websitewww.mongodb.comlucene.apache.org/­solr
Technical documentationdocs.mongodb.com/­manuallucene.apache.org/­solr/­resources.html
DeveloperMongoDB, IncApache Software Foundation
Initial release20092006
Current release6.0.1, August 20229.0.0, May 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceno infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++Java
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java VM inforuns as a servlet in servlet container (e.g. Tomcat, Jetty is included)
Data schemeschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.yes infoDynamic Fields enables on-the-fly addition of new fields
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyes infosupports customizable data types and automatic typing
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BISolr Parallel SQL Interface
APIs and other access methodsproprietary protocol using JSONJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesActionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
.Net
Erlang
Java
JavaScript
any language that supports sockets and either XML or JSON
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptJava plugins
Triggersyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyyes infoUser configurable commands triggered on index changes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesspark-solr: github.com/­lucidworks/­spark-solr and streaming expressions to reduce
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationoptimistic locking
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infooptional, enabled by defaultyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2yes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesyes
More information provided by the system vendor
MongoDBSolr
Specific characteristicsMongoDB’s application data platform provides developers a unified interface to power...
» more
Competitive advantagesThe MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Key customersADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Market metrics200+ million downloads, over 1.5M Atlas database clusters under management handling...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more

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More resources
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