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DBMS > MongoDB vs. Snowflake vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison MongoDB vs. Snowflake vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured dataTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score481.01
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score30.05
Rank#27  Overall
#16  Relational DBMS
Score1.94
Rank#117  Overall
#57  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.mongodb.comwww.snowflake.compingcap.com
Technical documentationdocs.mongodb.com/­manualdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.htmldocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperMongoDB, IncSnowflake Computing Inc.PingCAP, Inc.
Initial release200920142016
Current release4.4.5, April 20215.0.0, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.commercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceno infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)yesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • ScaleGrid for MongoDB: Fully managed hosting for MongoDB database on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
  • MongoDB Atlas: the global and fully-managed cloud database service from the makers of MongoDB. Deploy across AWS, Azure, or GCP.
TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageC++Go, Rust
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hostedLinux
Data schemeschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.yes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BIyesyes
APIs and other access methodsproprietary protocol using JSONCLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesActionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptuser defined functionsno
Triggersyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resourcesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infopartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keysyeshorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
yesUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyesno infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infooptionalyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
MongoDBSnowflakeTiDB
Specific characteristicsMongoDB is the leading modern, general purpose data platform, designed to unleash...
» more
TiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesThe MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
» more
In the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
TiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Shopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metrics125 million downloads (growing at more than 30 thousand downloads per day), over...
» more
25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more
Open Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
News

TiDE: Developing a Distributed Database in a Breeze
13 May 2021

PingCAP Successfully Completes SOC 2 Type 2 Examination for TiDB Cloud
10 May 2021

TiDB Cloud Now in Public Preview
10 May 2021

Linux Kernel vs. Memory Fragmentation (Part II)
3 May 2021

Getting Started with Rails & TiDB
28 April 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
MongoDBSnowflakeTiDB
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Conferences and events

MongoDB, Back to Basics
Webinar Recording, 27 April 2021 - 27 May 2021

Recent citations in the news

MongoDB, Inc. Announces Date of First Quarter Fiscal 2022 Earnings Call
13 May 2021, KPVI News 6

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6 May 2021, Harvard Business Review

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PingCAP announces Public Preview of TiDB Cloud USA - English USA - English
10 May 2021, PRNewswire

PingCAP, the open-source developer behind TiDB, closes $270 million Series D
17 November 2020, TechCrunch

PingCAP Announces TiDB Cloud, Bringing Fully-Managed TiDB Service to AWS and GCP
23 June 2020, PRNewswire

Exploring Next-Generation Databases at Data Summit Connect 2021
12 May 2021, Database Trends and Applications

PingCAP launches TiDB Cloud, a fully-managed database as a service offering
25 June 2020, Help Net Security

provided by Google News

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