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DBMS > MongoDB vs. Realm

System Properties Comparison MongoDB vs. Realm

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Our visitors often compare MongoDB and Realm with SQLite, Firebase Realtime Database and Couchbase.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureA DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core Data
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument store
Secondary database modelsSearch engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score433.33
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score8.85
Rank#44  Overall
#8  Document stores
Websitewww.mongodb.comrealm.io
Technical documentationdocs.mongodb.com/­manualrealm.io/­docs
DeveloperMongoDB, IncRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019
Initial release20092014
Current release4.2.2, December 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceno infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
MongoDB Atlas: Deploy a fully managed cloud database on-demand and ready for use in minutes. Available on AWS, Azure, and GCP.
Implementation languageC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Android
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BIno
APIs and other access methodsproprietary protocol using JSON
Supported programming languagesActionscript infoinofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infoinofficial driver
ColdFusion infoinofficial driver
D infoinofficial driver
Dart infoinofficial driver
Delphi infoinofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infoinofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infoinofficial driver
Lua infoinofficial driver
MatLab infoinofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infoinofficial driver
Prolog infoinofficial driver
Python
R infoinofficial driver
Ruby
Scala
Smalltalk infoinofficial driver
.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptno inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessary
Triggersyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyyes infoChange Listeners
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infopartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keysnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-slave replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infooptionalyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2yes infoIn-Memory realm
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesyes
More information provided by the system vendor
MongoDBRealm
Specific characteristicsMongoDB is the leading modern, general purpose data platform, designed to unleash...
» more
Now a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
» more
Competitive advantagesThe MongoDB Data Platform can be used by developers building OLTP and analytical...
» more
Realm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
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Typical application scenariosInternet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Mobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
Key customersADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Cathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
Market metrics70 million downloads (growing at more than 30 thousand downloads per day). 15,000+...
» more
Used by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more
Realm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more
Related products and services
3rd partiesScaleGrid: Deploy, monitor, backup and scale MongoDB in the cloud with the #1 Database-as-a-Service (DBaaS) platform.
» more

Studio 3T: The world's favorite IDE for working with MongoDB
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

Dremio: Analyze your data with standard SQL and any BI tool. Accelerate your queries up to 1,000x.
» more

DBHawk: Powerful web-based MongoDB GUI. Connect securely to on-premise MongoDB or MongoDB on the Cloud, Atlas or mLab.
» more

Knowi: Build MongoDB Reports and Data Visualizations in Minutes with Native Integration
» more

Navicat for MongoDB gives you a highly effective GUI interface for MongoDB database management, administration and development.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
MongoDBRealm
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