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DBMS > MongoDB vs. RavenDB vs. Spark SQL vs. Transbase

System Properties Comparison MongoDB vs. RavenDB vs. Spark SQL vs. Transbase

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonRavenDB  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparisonTransbase  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureOpen Source Operational and Transactional Enterprise NoSQL Document DatabaseSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processingA resource-optimized, high-performance, universally applicable RDBMS
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score488.22
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score3.50
Rank#90  Overall
#16  Document stores
Score20.84
Rank#34  Overall
#20  Relational DBMS
Score0.25
Rank#276  Overall
#128  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.mongodb.comravendb.netspark.apache.org/­sqlwww.transaction.de/­en/­solutions/­transbase-resource-optimized-high-performance-database
Technical documentationdocs.mongodb.com/­manualravendb.net/­docsspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.htmlwww.transaction.de/­en/­transbase-inside
DeveloperMongoDB, IncHibernating RhinosApache Software FoundationTransaction Software GmbH
Initial release2009201020141987
Current release4.4.5, April 20215.2, June 20213.1.1, March 2021Transbase 8.4, September 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoAGPL version 3, commercial license availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial infofree development license
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceno infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)nonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • MongoDB Atlas: the global and fully-managed cloud database service from the makers of MongoDB. Deploy across AWS, Azure, or GCP.
  • ScaleGrid for MongoDB: Fully managed hosting for MongoDB database on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC++C#ScalaC and C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
macOS
Raspberry Pi
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.schema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialnoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BISQL-like query language (RQL)SQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes
APIs and other access methodsproprietary protocol using JSON.NET Client API
Java Client API
Python Client API
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languagesActionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
.Net
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Java
Python
R
Scala
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Kotlin
Objective-C
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptyesnoyes
Triggersyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infopartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keysShardingyes, utilizing Spark Core
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replicationnoneSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes infoMapReduce functions can be defined in Linqno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Eventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possiblenonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACID, Cluster-wide transaction availablenoyes
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infooptionalyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesAccess control on document level using the Authorization Bundlenofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
MongoDBRavenDBSpark SQLTransbase
Specific characteristicsMongoDB is the leading modern, general purpose data platform, designed to unleash...
» more
RavenDB is the pioneer NoSQL Document Database that is fully transactional (ACID)...
» more
Competitive advantagesThe MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
» more
RavenDB is easy to setup and secure. You can do it in a matter of minutes . Easy...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
IoT for Edge Deployments Fraud Detection Recommendation Engines Product Catalogs...
» more
Key customersADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Toyota, Capgemini, Vodafone, Medicaid, Asos, Nomura, RMS Automotive, MSNBC, Pluralsight,...
» more
Market metrics125 million downloads (growing at more than 30 thousand downloads per day), over...
» more
2 million+ downloads 1000+ customers including Fortune 500 large enterprises
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more
RavenDB is available on-premise and in the cloud. RavenDB Cloud is available on AWS...
» more

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More resources
MongoDBRavenDBSpark SQLTransbase
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