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DBMS > MongoDB vs. mSQL vs. Postgres-XL vs. Sphinx

System Properties Comparison MongoDB vs. mSQL vs. Postgres-XL vs. Sphinx

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonmSQL infoMini SQL  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparisonSphinx  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructuremSQL (Mini SQL) is a simple and lightweight RDBMSBased on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster featuresOpen source search engine for searching in data from different sources, e.g. relational databases
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMSSearch engine
Secondary database modelsSearch engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score426.97
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score1.48
Rank#128  Overall
#64  Relational DBMS
Score0.48
Rank#211  Overall
#101  Relational DBMS
Score6.52
Rank#53  Overall
#5  Search engines
Websitewww.mongodb.comwww.hughes.com.au/­products/­msqlwww.postgres-xl.orgsphinxsearch.com
Technical documentationdocs.mongodb.com/­manualwww.postgres-xl.org/­documentationsphinxsearch.com/­docs
DeveloperMongoDB, IncHughes TechnologiesSphinx Technologies Inc.
Initial release200919942014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB2001
Current release4.2.2, December 20194.2, April 201910 R1, October 20183.1.1, October 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.commercial infofree licenses can be providedOpen Source infoMozilla public licenseOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial licence available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceno infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)nonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
MongoDB Atlas: Deploy a fully managed cloud database on-demand and ready for use in minutes. Available on AWS, Azure, and GCP.
Implementation languageC++CCC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Linux
macOS
FreeBSD
Linux
NetBSD
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.yesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infoXML type, but no XML query functionality
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes infofull-text index on all search fields
SQL infoSupport of SQLRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BIA subset of ANSI SQL is implemented infono subqueries, aggregate functions, views, foreign keys, triggersyes infodistributed, parallel query executionSQL-like query language (SphinxQL)
APIs and other access methodsproprietary protocol using JSONJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesActionscript infoinofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infoinofficial driver
ColdFusion infoinofficial driver
D infoinofficial driver
Dart infoinofficial driver
Delphi infoinofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infoinofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infoinofficial driver
Lua infoinofficial driver
MatLab infoinofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infoinofficial driver
Prolog infoinofficial driver
Python
R infoinofficial driver
Ruby
Scala
Smalltalk infoinofficial driver
C
C++
Delphi
Java
Perl
PHP
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C++ infounofficial client library
Java
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby infounofficial client library
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptnouser defined functionsno
Triggersyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlynoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infopartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keysnonehorizontal partitioningSharding infoPartitioning is done manually, search queries against distributed index is supported
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-slave replicationnonenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
noneImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possiblenoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationnoACID infoMVCCno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesnoyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infooptionalyesyesyes infoThe original contents of fields are not stored in the Sphinx index.
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno
More information provided by the system vendor
MongoDBmSQL infoMini SQLPostgres-XLSphinx
Specific characteristicsMongoDB is the leading modern, general purpose data platform, designed to unleash...
» more
Competitive advantagesThe MongoDB Data Platform can be used by developers building OLTP and analytical...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Key customersADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Market metrics70 million downloads (growing at more than 30 thousand downloads per day). 15,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesDremio: Analyze your data with standard SQL and any BI tool. Accelerate your queries up to 1,000x.
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ScaleGrid: Deploy, monitor, backup and scale MongoDB in the cloud with the #1 Database-as-a-Service (DBaaS) platform.
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DBHawk: Powerful web-based MongoDB GUI. Connect securely to on-premise MongoDB or MongoDB on the Cloud, Atlas or mLab.
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Studio 3T: The world's favorite IDE for working with MongoDB
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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Knowi: Build MongoDB Reports and Data Visualizations in Minutes with Native Integration
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Navicat for MongoDB gives you a highly effective GUI interface for MongoDB database management, administration and development.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
MongoDBmSQL infoMini SQLPostgres-XLSphinx
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