DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > MongoDB vs. openGauss vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison MongoDB vs. openGauss vs. PostgreSQL

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonopenGauss  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureAn enterprise-class RDBMS compatible with high-performance, high-availability and high-performance originally developed by HuaweiWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
Document store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score455.18
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score1.17
Rank#192  Overall
#93  Relational DBMS
Score614.85
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.mongodb.comgitee.com/­opengauss
opengauss.org
www.postgresql.org
Technical documentationdocs.mongodb.com/­manualgitee.com/­opengauss/­docs
opengauss.org/­en/­docs/­latest/­docs/­BriefTutorial/­BriefTutorial.html
www.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperMongoDB, IncHuawei and openGauss communityPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release200920191989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release6.0.1, August 20223.0, March 202215.1, November 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open SourceOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceno infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)nono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for MongoDB Database: Fully managed hosting for MongoDB Database on a wide variety of cloud providers and On-Premises. Automate your management, scaling and backups through one centralized platform.
  • Aiven for PostgreSQL: Fully managed and hosted PostgreSQL® with 70+ extensions and orchestration tooling included.
  • ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL DBaaS hosting On-Premises and on clouds such as AWS, Azure, GCP and DigitalOcean with no vendor lock-in. Leverage any extension and get SSH access.
Implementation languageC++C, C++, JavaC
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
LinuxFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.yesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BIANSI SQL 2011yes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsproprietary protocol using JSONJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesActionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
C
C++
Java
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptyesuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.horizontal partitioning (by range, list and hash)partitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replicationSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infooptional, enabled by defaultyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesAccess rights for users, groups and roles according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesPercona: Database problems? Not on your watch.
Databases run better with Percona.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

Navicat for MongoDB gives you a highly effective GUI interface for MongoDB database management, administration and development.
» more

Studio 3T: The world's favorite IDE for working with MongoDB
» more
Fujitsu Enterprise Postgres: An Enterprise Grade PostgreSQL with the flexibility of a hybrid cloud solution combined with industry leading security, availability and performance.
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

The State of PostgreSQL 2022 survey is now open!
» more

Percona: Database problems? Not on your watch.
Databases run better with Percona.
» more

Instaclustr: Fully Hosted & Managed PostgreSQL
» more

Aiven for PostgreSQL: The familiar open source PostgreSQL® that you know and love, with no proprietary features or add-ons that will lock you in.
» more

Datasentinel: Platform for Monitoring and Analyzing the performance problems of your PostgreSQL Clusters
» more

Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

DbVisualizer is equipping database professionals with the tools they need to build, manage and maintain state-of-the-art database technologies. It has sky-high user satisfaction and is the preferred tool for database professionals around the world. Customers include Tesla, Apple, Facebook, Deutsche Bank, NASA, and 25,000 others in 145 countries.
» more

EDB: BigAnimal is fully-managed PostgreSQL in the cloud from the database fanatics at EDB.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
MongoDBopenGaussPostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2021
3 January 2022, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2022, defending the title from last year
3 January 2023, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2021
3 January 2022, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Driving the Future of PostgreSQL Adoption
15 November 2021,  Umair Shahid, Percona (sponsor) 

show all

Conferences and events

PGCon 2023, PostgreSQL Conference for Users and Developers
Ottawa, Canada, 30 May 2023 - 2 June 2023

Recent citations in the news

MongoDB, Inc. (NASDAQ:MDB) Shares Acquired by Bank Julius ...
26 January 2023, MarketBeat

Premarket Mover: Mongodb Inc (MDB) Down 2.44%
25 January 2023, InvestorsObserver

MongoDB, Inc. (NASDAQ:MDB) Receives Consensus Rating of ...
26 January 2023, MarketBeat

MongoDB (MDB) Stock Moves -0.99%: What You Should Know
18 January 2023, Nasdaq

Why Datadog, MongoDB, and CrowdStrike Were Sinking Today
25 January 2023, The Motley Fool

provided by Google News

An Industrial bank joins Huawei openGauss database community
7 December 2022, HC Newsroom

About HUAWEI Open Source
9 February 2022, huawei.com

Take a close look at technology highlights of the 2022 Huawei Developer Competition
16 August 2022, Yahoo Finance

Over 50 New CVE Numbering Authorities Announced in 2022
22 December 2022, SecurityWeek

Huawei's Four Open Source Basic Software Projects Infuse ...
12 October 2020, PR Newswire

provided by Google News

What is PostgreSQL?
25 January 2023, Database Journal

Securing PostgreSQL from Cryptojacking Campaigns in Kubernetes
26 January 2023, CrowdStrike

Running Applications in Docker, Part 2: Table Joins in PostgreSQL
20 January 2023, Virtualization Review

Microsoft: Kubernetes clusters hacked in malware campaign via PostgreSQL
9 January 2023, BleepingComputer

UPDATE -- Quest Software Announces General Availability of SharePlex 11, Enabling Database Replication Across PostgreSQL and Snowflake Environments
23 January 2023, Yahoo Finance

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

General Apply
Bevy, San Francisco, CA

MongoDB Architect/SrDev
Tech Mahindra / Microsoft, Remote

MongoDB Consultant
Pristine IT, Remote

Database Performance Consultant - MongoDB
Percona, Remote

MongoDB Engineer
Alltech International, Remote

PostgreSQL Developer
Divi Technologies, Remote

Software Engineer
Certara, Blue Bell, PA

Junior Backend Developer
Actum Lab, Austin, TX

Python Developer for a New York based Search & Career Development Portal
FlexMade, United States

Sr. Backend Engineer
Adobe, New York, NY

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Vertica logo

Vertica Accelerator. The fastest analytics and machine learning, delivered as SaaS, with automated setup, administration, and management. Free trial.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

The definitive guide for Cassandra

Imagine What You Could Do if Scalability Wasn‘t a Problem!
Download the Cassandra e-book for free!

Present your product here