DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > MongoDB vs. PostgreSQL vs. RavenDB

System Properties Comparison MongoDB vs. PostgreSQL vs. RavenDB

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonRavenDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLOpen Source Operational and Transactional Enterprise NoSQL Document Database
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Document store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
Document store
Spatial DBMS
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score477.90
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score623.16
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score4.55
Rank#87  Overall
#16  Document stores
Websitewww.mongodb.comwww.postgresql.orgravendb.net
Technical documentationdocs.mongodb.com/­manualwww.postgresql.org/­docsravendb.net/­docs
DeveloperMongoDB, IncPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerHibernating Rhinos
Initial release20091989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL2010
Current release6.0.1, August 202215.1, November 20225.4, July 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoBSDOpen Source infoAGPL version 3, commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceno infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)nono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for MongoDB Database: Fully managed hosting for MongoDB Database on a wide variety of cloud providers and On-Premises. Automate your management, scaling and backups through one centralized platform.
  • ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL DBaaS hosting On-Premises and on clouds such as AWS, Azure, GCP and DigitalOcean with no vendor lock-in. Leverage any extension and get SSH access.
  • Aiven for PostgreSQL: Fully managed and hosted PostgreSQL® with 70+ extensions and orchestration tooling included.
Implementation languageC++CC#
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux
macOS
Raspberry Pi
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.yesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BIyes infostandard with numerous extensionsSQL-like query language (RQL)
APIs and other access methodsproprietary protocol using JSONADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
.NET Client API
F# Client API
Go Client API
Java Client API
NodeJS Client API
PHP Client API
Python Client API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesActionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
C#
F#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.yes
Triggersyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.partitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMulti-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate ConsistencyDefault ACID transactions on the local node (eventually consistent across the cluster). Atomic operations with cluster-wide ACID transactions. Eventual consistency for indexes and full-text search indexes.
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACIDACID, Cluster-wide transaction available
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infooptional, enabled by defaultyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAuthorization levels configured per client per database
More information provided by the system vendor
MongoDBPostgreSQLRavenDB
Specific characteristicsRavenDB is the pioneer NoSQL Document Database that is fully transactional (ACID)...
» more
Competitive advantagesRavenDB is easy to setup and secure. You can do it in a matter of minutes . Easy...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT for Edge Deployments Fraud Detection Recommendation Engines Product Catalogs...
» more
Key customersToyota, Capgemini, Vodafone, Medicaid, Asos, Nomura, RMS Automotive, MSNBC, Pluralsight,...
» more
Market metrics2 million+ downloads 1000+ customers including Fortune 500 large enterprises
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsRavenDB is available on-premise and in the cloud. RavenDB Cloud is available on AWS...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesStudio 3T: The world's favorite IDE for working with MongoDB
» more

Navicat for MongoDB gives you a highly effective GUI interface for MongoDB database management, administration and development.
» more

Percona: Database problems? Not on your watch.
Databases run better with Percona.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more
SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

Aiven for PostgreSQL: The familiar open source PostgreSQL® that you know and love, with no proprietary features or add-ons that will lock you in.
» more

Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

EDB: BigAnimal is fully-managed PostgreSQL in the cloud from the database fanatics at EDB.
» more

Percona: Database problems? Not on your watch.
Databases run better with Percona.
» more

The State of PostgreSQL 2022 survey is now open!
» more

Datasentinel: Platform for Monitoring and Analyzing the performance problems of your PostgreSQL Clusters
» more

Instaclustr: Fully Hosted & Managed PostgreSQL
» more

DbVisualizer is equipping database professionals with the tools they need to build, manage and maintain state-of-the-art database technologies. It has sky-high user satisfaction and is the preferred tool for database professionals around the world. Customers include Tesla, Apple, Facebook, Deutsche Bank, NASA, and 25,000 others in 145 countries.
» more

Fujitsu Enterprise Postgres: An Enterprise Grade PostgreSQL with the flexibility of a hybrid cloud solution combined with industry leading security, availability and performance.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
MongoDBPostgreSQLRavenDB
DB-Engines blog posts

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2021
3 January 2022, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2021
3 January 2022, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Driving the Future of PostgreSQL Adoption
15 November 2021,  Umair Shahid, Percona (sponsor) 

The Inexorable Rise of PostgreSQL
24 September 2021,  Matt Yonkovit, Percona (sponsor) 

show all

Recent citations in the news

Why MongoDB Stock Popped 2% on Tuesday
29 November 2022, The Motley Fool

MongoDB's Dev Ittycheria on how the cloud is expanding developers' influence
28 November 2022, SiliconANGLE News

Searching on Encrypted Data: MongoDB's Queryable Encryption – Kenn White – ASW #221
28 November 2022, SC Media

MongoDB University Launches New Curriculum to Fuel Developer Ecosystem and Close the Growing Tech Skills Gap
15 November 2022, PR Newswire

MongoDB Named as a Leader in The Forrester Wave™: Translytical Data Platforms, Q4 2022
29 November 2022, Marketscreener.com

provided by Google News

Why We Built Cloud Native Object Storage for PostgreSQL with Amazon S3
29 November 2022, thenewstack.io

How to Launch a PostgreSQL Database in the Cloud With AWS RDS - MUO
24 November 2022, MakeUseOf

New Features for Azure Database for PostgreSQL Flexible Server
4 November 2022, InfoQ.com

EDB Unveils Powerful New Tools for Enterprises Wanting to Join the Postgres® Wave
29 November 2022, EIN News

Azure CosmosDB for PostgreSQL Reaches General Availability
2 November 2022, iProgrammer

provided by Google News

Oren Eini on RavenDB, Including Consistency Guarantees and C# as the Implementation Language
23 May 2022, InfoQ.com

RavenDB, one of the world's most innovative NoSQL Database, is expanding its presence in India with the hiring of a Local Government and Database Sector's Expert to drive growth
24 March 2022, PR Newswire

8 Most Popular NoSQL Databases
25 November 2022, Analytics India Magazine

NoSQL Databases Software Market – A Comprehensive Study by Key Players:MongoDB, Amazon, ArangoDB, Azure Cosmos DB, Couchbase, MarkLogic, RethinkDB, CouchDB, SQL-RD, OrientDB, RavenDB, Redis – Skegness Siren
27 November 2022, Skegness Siren

NoSQL Software Market 2028 Growth Drivers along with Top Brands MongoDB Amazon ArangoDB Azure Cosmos DB Couchbase MarkLogic RethinkDB CouchDB SQL-RD OrientDB RavenDB Redis Microsoft – Skegness Siren
25 November 2022, Skegness Siren

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Junior Backend Developer
Actum Lab, Austin, TX

MongoDB Engineer
Alltech International, Remote

Junior Developer
Media Reps, San Diego, CA

Sr Backend Engineer- Roundel(Remote Or Hybrid)
TARGET, Brooklyn Park, MN

Analytic Anchor
Ford Motor Company, Dearborn, MI

Junior Backend Developer
Actum Lab, Austin, TX

PostGreSQL Server Developer (100% remote)
Spatial Front, Inc., Remote

Database Developer (PostgreSQL)
CACI International, Remote

PostgreSQL DBA
Luxoft, Remote

PostgreSQL DBA/Developer*
Virtual Service Operations, United States

Senior Sitecore Developer
Optizm Global, Remote

IT Developer
Home Depot / THD, Houston, TX

Find your next Career Opportunity at XCentium ..
XCentium, United States

Senior Software Engineer - Customer Identity Access Management
Change Healthcare, Virgin Islands

Lead Software Developer
Cedar Gate Technologies, United States

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Present your product here