DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > MongoDB vs. Postgres-XL vs. PostgreSQL vs. SAP SQL Anywhere

System Properties Comparison MongoDB vs. Postgres-XL vs. PostgreSQL vs. SAP SQL Anywhere

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureBased on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster featuresWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLRDBMS database and synchronization technologies for server, desktop, remote office, and mobile environments
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSearch engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.Document storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score412.09
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score0.43
Rank#213  Overall
#102  Relational DBMS
Score483.91
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score5.04
Rank#60  Overall
#33  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.mongodb.comwww.postgres-xl.orgwww.postgresql.orgwww.sap.com/­products/­sql-anywhere.html
Technical documentationdocs.mongodb.com/­manualwww.postgres-xl.org/­documentationwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manualshelp.sap.com/­sql-anywhere
DeveloperMongoDB, IncPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerSAP infoformerly Sybase
Initial release20092014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB1989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL1992
Current release4.2, August 201910 R1, October 201812.0, October 201917, July 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoMozilla public licenseOpen Source infoBSDcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceno infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)nonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
MongoDB Atlas: Deploy a fully managed cloud database on-demand and ready for use in minutes. Available on AWS, Azure, and GCP.
  • EDB Postgres Cloud Database Service: Postgres cloud database service on AWS with Superuser Access, Unlimited Extensions, Higher Scalability, More Tuning Power and Oracle Compatibility. Try free!
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • ScaleGrid: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting with high availability, dedicated servers, and superuser control on the #1 multi-cloud Amazon RDS alternative.
Implementation languageC++CC
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
macOS
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.yesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infoXML type, but no XML query functionalityyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.yes
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BIyes infodistributed, parallel query executionyes infostandard with numerous extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsproprietary protocol using JSONnative C library
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
native C library
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesActionscript infoinofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infoinofficial driver
ColdFusion infoinofficial driver
D infoinofficial driver
Dart infoinofficial driver
Delphi infoinofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infoinofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infoinofficial driver
Lua infoinofficial driver
MatLab infoinofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infoinofficial driver
Prolog infoinofficial driver
Python
R infoinofficial driver
Ruby
Scala
Smalltalk infoinofficial driver
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptuser defined functionsuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.yes, in C/C++, Java, .Net or Perl
Triggersyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infopartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keyshorizontal partitioningpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-slave replicationMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMaster-slave replication infoDatabase mirroring
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACID infoMVCCACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infooptionalyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
MongoDBPostgres-XLPostgreSQLSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere
Specific characteristicsMongoDB is the leading modern, general purpose data platform, designed to unleash...
» more
Competitive advantagesThe MongoDB Data Platform can be used by developers building OLTP and analytical...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Key customersADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Market metrics70 million downloads (growing at more than 30 thousand downloads per day). 15,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesKnowi: Build MongoDB Reports and Data Visualizations in Minutes with Native Integration
» more

DBHawk: Powerful web-based MongoDB GUI. Connect securely to on-premise MongoDB or MongoDB on the Cloud, Atlas or mLab.
» more

ScaleGrid: Deploy, monitor, backup and scale MongoDB in the cloud with the #1 Database-as-a-Service (DBaaS) platform.
» more

Studio 3T: The world's favorite IDE for working with MongoDB
» more

Dremio: Analyze your data with standard SQL and any BI tool. Accelerate your queries up to 1,000x.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

Navicat for MongoDB gives you a highly effective GUI interface for MongoDB database management, administration and development.
» more
General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

Dremio is like magic for PostgreSQL accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
» more

pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

2ndQuadrant: PostgreSQL Solutions for the Enterprise.
» more

Azure Database for PostgreSQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community PostgreSQL database as a service
» more

SQLPro for PostgreSQL: A simple but powerful PostgreSQL database client available on iPhone and iPad as well as macOS.
» more

Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

DBHawk: a web-based PostgreSQL/Greenplum database tool. Boost database development and BI productivity with an online Universal database tool.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
MongoDBPostgres-XLPostgreSQLSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere
DB-Engines blog posts

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL moves up one rank at the expense of MongoDB
1 September 2016, Paul Andlinger

Oracle is the DBMS of the Year
5 January 2016, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

Conferences and events

PostgreSQL Conference, Europe 2019
Milan, Italy, 15-18 October 2019

Recent citations in the news

MongoDB vs. MySQL: How to choose
14 October 2019, InfoWorld

MongoDB: Not A Buy Yet
10 October 2019, Seeking Alpha

MongoDB, Inc. [MDB] Price Analysis: NASDAQ:MDB Bull Target $168.17 or Higher
14 October 2019, The Dwinnex

MongoDB Management Talks Growth Drivers, Operating Margin, and More
18 September 2019, The Motley Fool

JetBrains blows hot for MongoDB in latest IntelliJ build
10 October 2019, DevClass

provided by Google News

Building a scalable PostgreSQL solution
14 April 2019, Packt Hub

Interview with Frank Huerta and Mason Sharp on PostGres-XL
13 May 2014, opensource.com

PostgreSQL vs. Hadoop
20 August 2016, DZone News

TransLattice offers details on PostgreSQL
15 May 2014, ZDNet

provided by Google News

PostgreSQL 12 boosts open source database performance
14 October 2019, TechTarget

2ndQuadrant Contributes Major Features to PostgreSQL 12
3 October 2019, PRNewswire

PostgreSQL turns performance up for v12 release
3 October 2019, DevClass

PostgreSQL puts the pedal to the metal with some smart indexing tweaks in version 12
4 October 2019, The Register

Percona packages PostgreSQL alongside existing MySQL and MongoDB products
1 October 2019, The Register

provided by Google News

What is SAP SQL Anywhere? - Definition from WhatIs.com
13 October 2016, TechTarget

SAP gives SQL Anywhere a new IoT injection
16 July 2015, Computerworld

SAP BAPI (Business Application Programming Interface)
2 April 2018, TechTarget

Rimini Street to offer database, security services
7 June 2017, ZDNet

SAP IoT products: How do they work with ERP and big data?
28 December 2015, TechTarget

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Full Stack Engineer
Universal Music Group, Woodland Hills, CA

Full Stack Ruby Engineer
Quotient Technology Inc., Boston, MA

Database Administrator
Duke Careers, Durham, NC

Database Administrator
StayWell Company, LLC, United States

Database Administrator
Billtrust, Lawrenceville, NJ

PostgreSQL Database Engineer (Denver or Austin)
Visa, Denver, CO

Sr Applications Engineer - Corporate Systems
California ISO, Folsom, CA

Database Engineer
Facebook, Menlo Park, CA

Database Administrator, Digital Commerce Platform
Amazon.com Services, Inc., Seattle, WA

Database Engineer - PostgreSQL
Amazon.com Services, Inc., Herndon, VA

Help Desk Technician
Association for Energy Affordability, Inc., New York, NY

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Redis logo

Hosted, serverless DBaaS
in 3 steps.

30MB Free!
Start now.

RavenDB logo

Setup a fully managed RavenDB Cloud Database in minutes. Enjoy hosting, management, backups all in one place.
Grab a Free Instance

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Present your product here