DBMS > MongoDB vs. Oracle vs. SAP Adaptive Server
System Properties Comparison MongoDB vs. Oracle vs. SAP Adaptive Server
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||MongoDB Xexclude from comparison||Oracle Xexclude from comparison||SAP Adaptive Server former name: Sybase ASE Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||One of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructure||Widely used RDBMS||The SAP (Sybase) Adaptive Server Enterprise (ASE) is an enterprise-class RDBMS|
|Primary database model||Document store||Relational DBMS||Relational DBMS|
|Secondary database models||Spatial DBMS|
Search engine integrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS Time Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
Graph DBMS with Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store with Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS with Oracle Spatial and Graph
|Spatial DBMS with Boeing's Spatial Query Server|
|Developer||MongoDB, Inc||Oracle||SAP, Sybase|
|Current release||6.0.1, August 2022||21c, January 2021||16.0|
|License Commercial or Open Source||Open Source MongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.||commercial restricted free version is available||commercial|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no MongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)||no||no|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
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|Implementation language||C++||C and C++||C and C++|
|Server operating systems||Linux|
|Data scheme||schema-free Although schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.||yes Schemaless in JSON and XML columns||yes|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes string, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatial||yes||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||yes||no|
|SQL Support of SQL||Read-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BI||yes with proprietary extensions||yes|
|APIs and other access methods||proprietary protocol using JSON||JDBC|
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
|Supported programming languages||Actionscript unofficial driver|
Clojure unofficial driver
ColdFusion unofficial driver
D unofficial driver
Dart unofficial driver
Delphi unofficial driver
Groovy unofficial driver
Lisp unofficial driver
Lua unofficial driver
MatLab unofficial driver
PowerShell unofficial driver
Prolog unofficial driver
R unofficial driver
Smalltalk unofficial driver
|Triggers||yes in MongoDB Atlas only||yes||yes|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||Sharding Partitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.||Sharding, horizontal partitioning||horizontal partitioning|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||Multi-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||yes||no can be realized in PL/SQL||no|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Eventual Consistency|
Immediate Consistency can be individually decided for each write operation
|Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||no typically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possible||yes||yes|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||Multi-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolation||ACID isolation level can be parameterized||ACID|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes optional, enabled by default||yes||yes|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||yes In-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2||yes Version 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'|
|User concepts Access control||Access rights for users and roles||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard|
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|Related products and services|
|3rd parties||CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.|
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|MongoDB||Oracle||SAP Adaptive Server former name: Sybase ASE|
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