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DBMS > MongoDB vs. Neo4j vs. VelocityDB

System Properties Comparison MongoDB vs. Neo4j vs. VelocityDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonVelocityDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureOpen source graph databaseA .NET Object Database that can be embedded/distributed and extended to a graph data model (VelocityGraph)
Primary database modelDocument storeGraph DBMSGraph DBMS
Object oriented DBMS
Secondary database modelsSearch engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score421.12
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score50.56
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score0.07
Rank#296  Overall
#28  Graph DBMS
#16  Object oriented DBMS
Websitewww.mongodb.comneo4j.comvelocitydb.com
Technical documentationdocs.mongodb.com/­manualneo4j.com/­docsvelocitydb.com/­UserGuide
DeveloperMongoDB, IncNeo4j, Inc.VelocityDB Inc
Initial release200920072011
Current release4.2, August 20193.5.8, July 20197.x
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceno infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)nono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
MongoDB Atlas: Deploy a fully managed cloud database on-demand and ready for use in minutes. Available on AWS, Azure, and GCP.Neo4j Aura: The simplest way to run Neo4j in the cloud
Implementation languageC++Java, ScalaC#
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Any that supports .NET
Data schemeschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.schema-free and schema-optionalyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BInono
APIs and other access methodsproprietary protocol using JSONBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
.Net
Supported programming languagesActionscript infoinofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infoinofficial driver
ColdFusion infoinofficial driver
D infoinofficial driver
Dart infoinofficial driver
Delphi infoinofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infoinofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infoinofficial driver
Lua infoinofficial driver
MatLab infoinofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infoinofficial driver
Prolog infoinofficial driver
Python
R infoinofficial driver
Ruby
Scala
Smalltalk infoinofficial driver
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsno
Triggersyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyyes infovia event handlerCallbacks are triggered when data changes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infopartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keysnoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-slave replicationCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version only
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Causal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyes infoRelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infooptionalyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2yes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Based on Windows Authentication
More information provided by the system vendor
MongoDBNeo4jVelocityDB
Specific characteristicsMongoDB is the leading modern, general purpose data platform, designed to unleash...
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesThe MongoDB Data Platform can be used by developers building OLTP and analytical...
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metrics70 million downloads (growing at more than 30 thousand downloads per day). 15,000+...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

This Week in Neo4j – Full Text Search Tips and Tricks, Learning Geography, MongoDB to Graph
7 December 2019

Graphs on GPUs: 5-Minute Interview with Saul Rosales
6 December 2019

Graphing Space and Time
4 December 2019

This Week in Neo4j – Building a Fashion Knowledge Graph, Carrefour Basket Dataset Challenge, Community detection on Game of Thrones, Analysing Network Traffic
30 November 2019

#GraphCast: “All Graph Databases Are Not Created Equal”
29 November 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
MongoDBNeo4jVelocityDB
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Conferences and events

GraphConnect 2020
New York, USA, 20-22 April 2020

Recent citations in the news

Why MongoDB Shares Jumped as Much as 10.5% This Morning, Just for a While
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MongoDB Stock Wavers On Third-Quarter Earnings Beat, Improved Outlook
10 December 2019, Investor's Business Daily

MongoDB tops third quarter expectations
9 December 2019, ZDNet

MongoDB, Inc. Announces Third Quarter Fiscal 2020 Financial Results
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