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DBMS > MongoDB vs. Neo4j

System Properties Comparison MongoDB vs. Neo4j

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureOpen source graph database
Primary database modelDocument storeGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score481.01
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score52.23
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.mongodb.comneo4j.com
Technical documentationdocs.mongodb.com/­manualneo4j.com/­docs
DeveloperMongoDB, IncNeo4j, Inc.
Initial release20092007
Current release4.4.5, April 20214.2.5, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceno infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • MongoDB Atlas: the global and fully-managed cloud database service from the makers of MongoDB. Deploy across AWS, Azure, or GCP.
  • ScaleGrid for MongoDB: Fully managed hosting for MongoDB database on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC++Java, Scala
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.schema-free and schema-optional
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyes
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucene
SQL infoSupport of SQLRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BIno
APIs and other access methodsproprietary protocol using JSONBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesActionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functions
Triggersyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyyes infovia event handler
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infopartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keysnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
Causal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version only
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Causal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infooptionalyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
MongoDBNeo4j
Specific characteristicsMongoDB is the leading modern, general purpose data platform, designed to unleash...
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesThe MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metrics125 million downloads (growing at more than 30 thousand downloads per day), over...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

Neo4j Graphs4Good Honored with Fast Company’s 2021 World Changing Ideas Award
5 May 2021

Gartner’s Getting Graphy at Highly Anticipated Data & Analytics Summit
4 May 2021

Advantages of Neo4j Aura Enterprise: Reliable and Productive
3 May 2021

This Week in Neo4j – Neo4j GraphQL 1.0, GraphStuff.FM, RDBMS to Graph, Art History in VR
1 May 2021

Announcing the Neo4j GraphQL Library: Build Low-Code GraphQL APIs Faster
27 April 2021

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for MongoDB gives you a highly effective GUI interface for MongoDB database management, administration and development.
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ClusterControl: the only management system you’ll ever need to take control of your open source database infrastructure.
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Studio 3T: The world's favorite IDE for working with MongoDB
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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Datadog: Visualize all your MongoDB metrics.
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Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
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Graphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
MongoDBNeo4j
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Conferences and events

MongoDB, Back to Basics
Webinar Recording, 27 April 2021 - 27 May 2021

Graph-Centered AppDev Series, What's wrong with your application?
Webinar, Episode 1 [REPLAY], 6 April 2021 - 6 July 2021

Recent citations in the news

Shareholders Are Raving About How The MongoDB (NASDAQ:MDB) Share Price Increased 560%
6 May 2021, Yahoo Finance

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MongoDB Stock Shows Every Sign Of Being Modestly Overvalued
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Neo4j's Graphs 4 COVID-19 Initiative Honored Twice in Fast Company's 2021 World Changing Ideas
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Neo4j: Why Graph Technology Is the Key to Fraud Detection
16 April 2021, The Fintech Times

MANTA Partners With Neo4j to Provide Customers With Enhanced Graph Technology for Data Pipeline Analysis
7 April 2021, Business Wire

Graph Database Market 2021 Growth and Technology Advancement – Fluree, IBM, Tigergraph, Oracle, Tibco Software, Franz, Arangodb, Cray, Sparcity Technologies, Orientdb, OpenLink Software, Neo4j
5 May 2021, The Shotcaller

GPU Database Market to Watch: Kinetica, OmniSci, SQream, Neo4j, NVIDIA – NeighborWebSJ
4 May 2021, NeighborWebSJ

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