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DBMS > MongoDB vs. Nebula Graph vs. SpaceTime

System Properties Comparison MongoDB vs. Nebula Graph vs. SpaceTime

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparisonSpaceTime  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMSSpaceTime is a spatio-temporal DBMS with a focus on performance.
Primary database modelDocument storeGraph DBMSSpatial DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score496.50
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score1.10
Rank#168  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#354  Overall
#5  Spatial DBMS
Websitewww.mongodb.comgithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
www.mireo.hr/­spacetime
Technical documentationdocs.mongodb.com/­manualdocs.nebula-graph.io
DeveloperMongoDB, IncVesoft Inc.Mireo
Initial release200920192020
Current release5.0, July 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceno infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)nono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++C++C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
LinuxLinux
Data schemeschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.Strong typed schemayes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.no
SQL infoSupport of SQLRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BISQL-like query languageA subset of ANSI SQL is implemented
APIs and other access methodsproprietary protocol using JSONBrowser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesActionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
C++
Go
Java
Python
C#
C++
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptno
Triggersyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.ShardingFixed-grid hypercubes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
Causal Clustering using Raft protocolReal-time block device replication (DRBD)
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyes infoRelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infooptional, enabled by defaultyes infousing RocksDByes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesRole-based access controlyes
More information provided by the system vendor
MongoDBNebula GraphSpaceTime
Specific characteristicsMongoDB’s application data platform provides developers a unified interface to power...
» more
Nebula Graph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Competitive advantagesThe MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
» more
Nebula Graph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Social networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Key customersADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Currently we have some top internet companies in China implementing Nebula Graph...
» more
Market metrics175 million downloads, over 1.5M Atlas database clusters under management handling...
» more
At our very early stage, Nebula Graph has already received 3.5k stars and thousands...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more
Nebula Graph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more
News

Ecosystem Tools: Nebula Graph Dashboard for Monitoring
22 September 2021

Nebula Graph Source Code Explained: RBO
14 September 2021

Game Pocket Monsters with Nebula Graph
3 September 2021

Nebula Graph Source Code Explained: Validator
20 August 2021

Nebula Graph Source Code Explained: An Overview
13 August 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
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Conferences and events

MongoDB.Local London
London, 9 November 2021

Finished events

Introduction to MongoDB
Webinar, on demand, 27 July 2021 (finished)

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