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DBMS > MongoDB vs. Nebula Graph vs. Riak KV

System Properties Comparison MongoDB vs. Nebula Graph vs. Riak KV

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparisonRiak KV  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMSDistributed, fault tolerant key-value store
Primary database modelDocument storeGraph DBMSKey-value store infowith links between data sets and object tags for the creation of secondary indexes
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score496.16
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score1.10
Rank#167  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
Score5.10
Rank#68  Overall
#9  Key-value stores
Websitewww.mongodb.comgithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
riak.com/­products/­riak-kv
Technical documentationdocs.mongodb.com/­manualdocs.nebula-graph.io
DeveloperMongoDB, IncVesoft Inc.Basho Technologies
Initial release200920192009
Current release5.0, July 20212.1.0, April 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0Open Source infoApache version 2, commercial enterprise edition
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceno infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)nono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++C++Erlang
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
LinuxLinux
OS X
Data schemeschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.Strong typed schemaschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.restricted
SQL infoSupport of SQLRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BISQL-like query languageno
APIs and other access methodsproprietary protocol using JSONBrowser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
HTTP API
Native Erlang Interface
Supported programming languagesActionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
C++
Go
Java
Python
C infounofficial client library
C#
C++ infounofficial client library
Clojure infounofficial client library
Dart infounofficial client library
Erlang
Go infounofficial client library
Groovy infounofficial client library
Haskell infounofficial client library
Java
JavaScript infounofficial client library
Lisp infounofficial client library
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala infounofficial client library
Smalltalk infounofficial client library
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptJavaScript and Erlang
Triggersyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyyes infopre-commit hooks and post-commit hooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.ShardingSharding infono "single point of failure"
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
Causal Clustering using Raft protocolselectable replication factor
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyes infoRelationships in graphsno infolinks between data sets can be stored
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infooptional, enabled by defaultyes infousing RocksDByes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2yes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesRole-based access controlno
More information provided by the system vendor
MongoDBNebula GraphRiak KV
Specific characteristicsMongoDB’s application data platform provides developers a unified interface to power...
» more
Nebula Graph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Competitive advantagesThe MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
» more
Nebula Graph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Social networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Key customersADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Currently we have some top internet companies in China implementing Nebula Graph...
» more
Market metrics175 million downloads, over 1.5M Atlas database clusters under management handling...
» more
At our very early stage, Nebula Graph has already received 3.5k stars and thousands...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more
Nebula Graph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more
News

Practicing Nebula Operator on Cloud
21 July 2021

BDD-Based Integration Testing Framework for Nebula Graph: Part II
15 July 2021

Understanding Subgraph in Nebula Graph 2.0
8 July 2021

Validating Import Performance of Nebula Importer
1 July 2021

Full-Text Indexing in Nebula Graph 2.0
25 June 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
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Conferences and events

Introduction to MongoDB
11 am ET | 3 pm GMT | 4 pm BST, 27 July 2021

Recent citations in the news

MongoDB adds scaling, compliance boosts to version 5.0 of its database platform
14 July 2021, VentureBeat

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