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DBMS > MongoDB vs. MySQL vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison MongoDB vs. MySQL vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureWidely used open source RDBMSTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSearch engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.Document storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score443.56
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score1261.57
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score2.06
Rank#122  Overall
#60  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.mongodb.comwww.mysql.compingcap.com
Technical documentationdocs.mongodb.com/­manualdev.mysql.com/­docpingcap.com/­docs
DeveloperMongoDB, IncOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunPingCAP, Inc.
Initial release200919952016
Current release4.2.8, June 20208.0.21, 20204.0.1, June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceno infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)nono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • MongoDB Atlas: Deploy a fully managed cloud database on-demand and ready for use in minutes. Available on AWS, Azure, and GCP.
  • ScaleGrid for MongoDB: Fully managed hosting for MongoDB database on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
  • ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
  • Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageC++C and C++Go, Rust
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.yesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BIyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsproprietary protocol using JSONADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesActionscript infoinofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infoinofficial driver
ColdFusion infoinofficial driver
D infoinofficial driver
Dart infoinofficial driver
Delphi infoinofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infoinofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infoinofficial driver
Lua infoinofficial driver
MatLab infoinofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infoinofficial driver
Prolog infoinofficial driver
Python
R infoinofficial driver
Ruby
Scala
Smalltalk infoinofficial driver
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptyes infoproprietary syntaxno
Triggersyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infopartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keyshorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabrichorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Using Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineno infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infooptionalyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
MongoDBMySQLTiDB
Specific characteristicsMongoDB is the leading modern, general purpose data platform, designed to unleash...
» more
TiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesThe MongoDB Data Platform can be used by developers building OLTP and analytical...
» more
In the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
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Typical application scenariosInternet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
TiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Shopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metrics70 million downloads (growing at more than 30 thousand downloads per day). 15,000+...
» more
InfoWorld’s 2018 Best of Open Source Software Award winners 24200+ stars on GitHub...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more
Open Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
News

TiDB 4.0: An Elastic, Real-Time HTAP Database Ready for the Cloud
6 August 2020

Create a Scale-Out Hive Cluster with a Distributed, MySQL-Compatible Database
4 August 2020

Heterogeneous Database Replication to TiDB
30 July 2020

Announcing Chaos Mesh® as a CNCF Sandbox Project
28 July 2020

How TiDB's HTAP Makes Truly Hybrid Workloads Possible
16 July 2020

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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Recent citations in the news

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