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DBMS > MongoDB vs. MySQL vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison MongoDB vs. MySQL vs. SQLite

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureWidely used open source RDBMSWidely used in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSearch engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score412.09
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score1283.06
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score122.62
Rank#11  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.mongodb.comwww.mysql.comwww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationdocs.mongodb.com/­manualdev.mysql.com/­docwww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
DeveloperMongoDB, IncOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunDwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release200919952000
Current release4.2, August 20198.0.17, July 20193.30, October 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceno infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)nono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
MongoDB Atlas: Deploy a fully managed cloud database on-demand and ready for use in minutes. Available on AWS, Azure, and GCP.
  • Google Cloud SQL: A fully-managed database service for the Google Cloud Platform
  • Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageC++C and C++C
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
server-less
Data schemeschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.yesyes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BIyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsproprietary protocol using JSONProprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languagesActionscript infoinofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infoinofficial driver
ColdFusion infoinofficial driver
D infoinofficial driver
Dart infoinofficial driver
Delphi infoinofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infoinofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infoinofficial driver
Lua infoinofficial driver
MatLab infoinofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infoinofficial driver
Prolog infoinofficial driver
Python
R infoinofficial driver
Ruby
Scala
Smalltalk infoinofficial driver
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptyes infoproprietary syntaxno
Triggersyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infopartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keyshorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-slave replicationMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infooptionalyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesno
More information provided by the system vendor
MongoDBMySQLSQLite
Specific characteristicsMongoDB is the leading modern, general purpose data platform, designed to unleash...
» more
Competitive advantagesThe MongoDB Data Platform can be used by developers building OLTP and analytical...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Key customersADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Market metrics70 million downloads (growing at more than 30 thousand downloads per day). 15,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesScaleGrid: Deploy, monitor, backup and scale MongoDB in the cloud with the #1 Database-as-a-Service (DBaaS) platform.
» more

DBHawk: Powerful web-based MongoDB GUI. Connect securely to on-premise MongoDB or MongoDB on the Cloud, Atlas or mLab.
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Knowi: Build MongoDB Reports and Data Visualizations in Minutes with Native Integration
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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Navicat for MongoDB gives you a highly effective GUI interface for MongoDB database management, administration and development.
» more

Dremio: Analyze your data with standard SQL and any BI tool. Accelerate your queries up to 1,000x.
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Studio 3T: The world's favorite IDE for working with MongoDB
» more
ScaleGrid: Fully managed MySQL-as-a-Service.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

SQLPro for MySQL: A simple but powerful MySQL database client available on iPhone and iPad as well as macOS.
» more

Navicat for MySQL is the ideal solution for MySQL/MariaDB administration and development.
» more

Dremio is like magic for MySQL accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

Azure Database for MySQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community MySQL database as a service
» more
Navicat for SQLite is a powerful and comprehensive SQLite GUI that provides a complete set of functions for database management and development.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
MongoDBMySQLSQLite
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