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DBMS > MongoDB vs. MySQL vs. Redis

System Properties Comparison MongoDB vs. MySQL vs. Redis

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonRedis  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureWidely used open source RDBMSIn-memory data structure store, used as database, cache and message broker infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIKey-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistence
Secondary database modelsSearch engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.Document storeDocument store infowith Redis Modules
Graph DBMS infowith Redis Modules
Search engine infowith Redis Modules
Time Series DBMS infowith Redis Modules
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score443.56
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score1261.57
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score152.87
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Websitewww.mongodb.comwww.mysql.comredis.io
Technical documentationdocs.mongodb.com/­manualdev.mysql.com/­docredis.io/­documentation
DeveloperMongoDB, IncOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunSalvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis Labs
Initial release200919952009
Current release4.2.8, June 20208.0.21, 20206.0.6, July 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoBSD 3-Clause, commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceno infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)nono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • MongoDB Atlas: Deploy a fully managed cloud database on-demand and ready for use in minutes. Available on AWS, Azure, and GCP.
  • ScaleGrid for MongoDB: Fully managed hosting for MongoDB database on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
  • ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
  • Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
ScaleGrid for Redis: Fully managed hosting for Redis on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC++C and C++C
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
Data schemeschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.yesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyespartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infowith RediSearch module
SQL infoSupport of SQLRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BIyes infowith proprietary extensionsno
APIs and other access methodsproprietary protocol using JSONADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
proprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization Protocol
Supported programming languagesActionscript infoinofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infoinofficial driver
ColdFusion infoinofficial driver
D infoinofficial driver
Dart infoinofficial driver
Delphi infoinofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infoinofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infoinofficial driver
Lua infoinofficial driver
MatLab infoinofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infoinofficial driver
Prolog infoinofficial driver
Python
R infoinofficial driver
Ruby
Scala
Smalltalk infoinofficial driver
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptyes infoproprietary syntaxLua
Triggersyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infopartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keyshorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL FabricSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
Source-replica replication infoChained replication is supported
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Strong eventual consistency with CRDTs
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineOptimistic locking, atomic execution of commands blocks and scripts
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes infoData access is serialized by the server
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infooptionalyesyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logs
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesSimple password-based access control infoAccess control lists and SSL are available in the commercial version
More information provided by the system vendor
MongoDBMySQLRedis
Specific characteristicsMongoDB is the leading modern, general purpose data platform, designed to unleash...
» more
Competitive advantagesThe MongoDB Data Platform can be used by developers building OLTP and analytical...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Key customersADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Market metrics70 million downloads (growing at more than 30 thousand downloads per day). 15,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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