DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > MongoDB vs. MySQL vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison MongoDB vs. MySQL vs. PostgreSQL

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOne of the most popular document storesWidely used open source RDBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score404.57
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score1253.68
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score481.33
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.mongodb.comwww.mysql.comwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationdocs.mongodb.com/­manualdev.mysql.com/­docwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperMongoDB, IncOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release200919951989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release4.0.10, May 20198.0.17, July 201911.5, August 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceno infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)nono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
MongoDB Atlas: Deploy a fully managed cloud database in minutes.
  • Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • Google Cloud SQL: A fully-managed database service for the Google Cloud Platform
  • Google Cloud SQL: A fully-managed database service for the Google Cloud Platform
  • ScaleGrid: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting with high availability, dedicated servers, and superuser control on the #1 multi-cloud Amazon RDS alternative.
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageC++C and C++C
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.yesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BIyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsproprietary protocol using JSONProprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
native C library
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesActionscript infoinofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infoinofficial driver
ColdFusion infoinofficial driver
D infoinofficial driver
Dart infoinofficial driver
Delphi infoinofficial driver
Erlang
Go infoinofficial driver
Groovy infoinofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infoinofficial driver
Lua infoinofficial driver
MatLab infoinofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infoinofficial driver
Prolog infoinofficial driver
Python
R infoinofficial driver
Ruby
Scala
Smalltalk infoinofficial driver
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptyes infoproprietary syntaxuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-slave replicationMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infooptionalyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
MongoDBMySQLPostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsMongoDB is the next-generation database that helps businesses transform their industries...
» more
Competitive advantagesBy offering the best of traditional databases as well as the flexibility, scale,...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (Bosch, Silver Spring Networks) Mobile (The Weather Channel, ADP,...
» more
Key customersADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Barclays, BBVA, Bond, Bosch, Cisco, CERN, City...
» more
Market metrics40 million downloads (growing at 30 thousand downloads per day). 6,600+ customers....
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Free Software Foundation's GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesDremio: Analyze your data with standard SQL and any BI tool. Accelerate your queries up to 1,000x.
» more

DBHawk: Powerful web-based MongoDB GUI. Connect securely to on-premise MongoDB or MongoDB on the Cloud, Atlas or mLab.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

Knowi: Build MongoDB Reports and Data Visualizations in Minutes with Native Integration
» more

ScaleGrid: Deploy, monitor, backup and scale MongoDB in the cloud with the #1 Database-as-a-Service (DBaaS) platform.
» more

Studio 3T: The world's favorite IDE for working with MongoDB
» more

Navicat for MongoDB gives you a highly effective GUI interface for MongoDB database management, administration and development.
» more
ScaleGrid: Fully managed MySQL-as-a-Service.
» more

Dremio is like magic for MySQL accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
» more

Azure Database for MySQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community MySQL database as a service
» more

SQLPro for MySQL: A simple but powerful MySQL database client available on iPhone and iPad as well as macOS.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

Navicat for MySQL is the ideal solution for MySQL/MariaDB administration and development.
» more
SQLPro for PostgreSQL: A simple but powerful PostgreSQL database client available on iPhone and iPad as well as macOS.
» more

Dremio is like magic for PostgreSQL accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
» more

2ndQuadrant: PostgreSQL Solutions for the Enterprise.
» more

Azure Database for PostgreSQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community PostgreSQL database as a service
» more

DBHawk: a web-based PostgreSQL/Greenplum database tool. Boost database development and BI productivity with an online Universal database tool.
» more

Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
MongoDBMySQLPostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL moves up one rank at the expense of MongoDB
1 September 2016, Paul Andlinger

Oracle is the DBMS of the Year
5 January 2016, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

MariaDB strengthens its position in the open source RDBMS market
5 April 2018, Matthias Gelbmann

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

Conferences and events

PostgreSQL Conference, Asia 2019
Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia, 9-12 September 2019

PostgreSQL Conference, Europe 2019
Milan, Italy, 15-18 October 2019

Recent citations in the news

Is MongoDB (NASDAQ:MDB) Using Debt Sensibly?
20 August 2019, Yahoo Finance

MongoDB (MDB) Stock Sinks As Market Gains: What You Should Know
15 August 2019, Yahoo Finance

MongoDB (MDB) Dips More Than Broader Markets: What You Should Know
30 July 2019, Yahoo Finance

Attackers ransom bookseller’s exposed MongoDB database
6 August 2019, Naked Security

MongoDB Is An Incredible Revenue Generator
15 August 2019, Seeking Alpha

provided by Google News

How to create a MySQL relational database in AWS
22 August 2019, TechRepublic

DigitalOcean launches managed MySQL and Redis database services
20 August 2019, TechCrunch

news digest: DigitalOcean announces managed databases for MySQL and Redis, Waymo's Open Dataset, and GitHub Enterprise Server 2.18 - SD Times
21 August 2019, SDTimes.com

After PostgreSQL, DigitalOcean now adds MySQL and Redis to its managed databases’ offering
20 August 2019, Packt Hub

SiteLock Extends Database Security Reach to MySQL
7 August 2019, Security Boulevard

provided by Google News

Database PostgreSQL makes transition from academia to enterprise
9 August 2019, TechHQ

After PostgreSQL, DigitalOcean now adds MySQL and Redis to its managed databases’ offering
20 August 2019, Packt Hub

Data Base Management Systems Market : Industry Perspective, Comprehensive Analysis, Size, Share, Growth by Players: Microsoft, Software AG, IBM, Oracle, PostgreSQL
13 August 2019, Insta Newsletters

Providing Postgres at scale with EnterpriseDB
8 August 2019, Tech Wire Asia

TimescaleDB goes distributed; implements ‘Chunking’ over ‘Sharding’ for scaling-out
22 August 2019, Packt Hub

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Development Database Administrator
EAB, Richmond, VA

NoSQL Database Administrator
Hewlett Packard Enterprise, Houston, TX

Database Administrator - Mongo
Allscripts, United States

MongoDB Database Administrator
Coso IT, San Jose, CA

Data Engineer (Remote)
Apollo.io, Remote

Database Administrator, MCS
NextGen Healthcare, Horsham, PA

Database Administrator
FedEx Supply Chain, Memphis, TN

Development Database Administrator
EAB, Richmond, VA

Database Administrator
Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN

Database Administrator
LT Consulting LLC, Reston, VA

Open Source Database Administrator
Q2ebanking, Austin, TX

Database Administrator - Mongo
Allscripts, United States

DevOps Database Administrator
Motorola Solutions, Chicago, IL

Database Administrator (Higher Ed)
PowerSchool, Austin, TX

MySQL Database Administrator
Accesso, Lake Mary, FL

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

RavenDB logo

Setup a fully managed RavenDB Cloud Database in minutes. Enjoy hosting, management, backups all in one place.
Grab a Free Instance

Redis logo

Start now with Redis Cloud
Secure, highly available Redis as a serverless, hosted, fully managed cloud service.
Sign up here.

Present your product here