DB-EnginesExtremeDB: hybrid in-memory and persistent storage based on a true IMDSEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > MonetDB vs. PostgreSQL vs. Virtuoso

System Properties Comparison MonetDB vs. PostgreSQL vs. Virtuoso

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMonetDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonVirtuoso  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA relational database management system that stores data in columnsWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLVirtuoso is a multi-model hybrid-RDBMS that supports management of data represented as relational tables and/or property graphs
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Document store
Graph DBMS
Native XML DBMS
Relational DBMS
RDF store
Search engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.95
Rank#120  Overall
#59  Relational DBMS
Score568.51
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score3.69
Rank#86  Overall
#14  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#2  Native XML DBMS
#47  Relational DBMS
#2  RDF stores
#9  Search engines
Websitewww.monetdb.orgwww.postgresql.orgvirtuoso.openlinksw.com
Technical documentationwww.monetdb.org/­Documentationwww.postgresql.org/­docsdocs.openlinksw.com/­virtuoso
DeveloperMonetDB BVPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerOpenLink Software
Initial release20041989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL1998
Current releaseOct2020-SP2, January 202113.3, May 202108.03.3316, March 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMozilla Public License 2.0Open Source infoBSDOpen Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageCCC
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
AIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes infoSQL - Standard relational schema
RDF - Quad (S, P, O, G) or Triple (S, P, O)
XML - DTD, XML Schema
DAV - freeform filesystem objects, plus User Defined Types a/k/a Dynamic Extension Type
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.yes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoSQL 2003 with some extensionsyes infostandard with numerous extensionsyes infoSQL-92, SQL-200x, SQL-3, SQLX
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
native C library infoMAPI library (MonetDB application programming interface)
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
GeoSPARQL
HTTP API
JDBC
Jena RDF API
ODBC
OLE DB
RDF4J API
RESTful HTTP API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SOAP webservices
SPARQL 1.1
WebDAV
XPath
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languagesC
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes, in SQL, C, Ruser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.yes infoVirtuoso PL
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding via remote tablespartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnone infoSource-replica replication available in experimental statusSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsChain, star, and bi-directional replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardFine-grained Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC) in addition to typical coarse-grained Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) according to SQL-standard. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
MonetDBPostgreSQLVirtuoso
Specific characteristicsColumn-store In-memory optimized GeoSpatial support JSON document support
» more
Virtuoso is a modern multi-model RDBMS for managing data represented as tabular relations...
» more
Competitive advantagesScalable architecture - vertical data organization and in-memory optimization guarantee...
» more
Performance & Scale — as exemplified by DBpedia and the LOD Cloud it spawned, i.e.,...
» more
Typical application scenariosAnalytical database, Data warehouse, OLAP Data mining Scientific database
» more
Used for — Analytics/BI Conceptual Data Virtualization Enterprise Knowledge Graphs...
» more
Key customersNumascale , Spinque , SecurActive , CHS , NOZHUP
» more
Broad use across enterprises and governments including — European Union (EU) US Government...
» more
Market metricsLargest installed-base ​of Multi-Model RDBMS for AI-friendly Knowledge Graphs Platform...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsFree and open-source software, Mozilla Public License 2.0 Commercial support available
» more
Available in both Commercial Enterprise and Open Source (GPL v2) Editions Feature...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCYBERTEC is your professional partner for PostgreSQL services and Data Science since 2000. With offices in Austria, Uruguay, Estonia, Poland, South Africa and Switzerland, CYBERTEC operates worldwide and is here for you 24/7!
» more

EDB: Helping organizations get the most from PostgreSQL, Oracle Migration, High Availability, Security
» more

Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more

ClusterControl: the only management system you’ll ever need to take control of your open source database infrastructure.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
MonetDBPostgreSQLVirtuoso
DB-Engines blog posts

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

RDBMS Software Market Latest Technology Advancements, Growth and Industry Outlook 2020 to 2025: SQLite, TmaxSoft, MonetDB, ThinkSQL, FrontBase, SolarWinds IT Operations Management, PostgreSQL Global Development Group – KSU | The Sentinel
25 May 2021, KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper

Most Detailed Research Report On RDBMS Software Market 2021. Industry Insights, Market Trends, Opportunities, Market Share. – Clark County Blog
15 June 2021, Clark County Blog

MonetDB Solutions secures investment from ServiceNow — CWI Amsterdam
1 October 2019, Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica (CWI)

Database consulting company MonetDB Solutions newest spin-off CWI
21 November 2013, Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica (CWI)

CWI spin-off MonetDB Solutions teams up with Numascale
3 February 2015, Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica (CWI)

provided by Google News

Staying power: the growing impact of PostgreSQL on enterprise marks Postgres Vision 2021
15 June 2021, SiliconANGLE News

Postgres Professional adds enterprise-features, PostgreSQL 13 updates
8 June 2021, VentureBeat

PostgreSQL benefits and challenges: A snapshot
27 May 2021, InfoWorld

Postgres Vision 2021 Agenda to Include Top PostgreSQL Experts and Users from Around the World
26 May 2021, Business Wire

Crunchy Data Announces Red Hat OpenShift Certification of Crunchy Postgres for Kubernetes 5.0
15 June 2021, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Jr. Developer
Egghead Logic, Inc, Medford, NJ

PostgreSQL DBA / Postgress Databse Operational Engineer
SILVERLINK TECHNOLOGIES LLC, Moorestown, NJ

PostgreSQL Developer
Volto Consulting, Remote

PostgreSQL DBA
ARK IT Resources, Chicago, IL

Database Administrator PostgreSQL
Systems Inc, Remote

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Vertica logo

The fastest unified analytical warehouse at extreme scale with in-database Machine Learning. Try Vertica for free with no time limit.

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Present your product here