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DBMS > MonetDB vs. PostgreSQL vs. TigerGraph

System Properties Comparison MonetDB vs. PostgreSQL vs. TigerGraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMonetDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonTigerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA relational database management system that stores data in columnsWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLA complete, distributed, parallel graph computing platform supporting web-scale data analytics in real-time
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Graph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.95
Rank#120  Overall
#59  Relational DBMS
Score568.51
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score1.88
Rank#123  Overall
#9  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.monetdb.orgwww.postgresql.orgwww.tigergraph.com
Technical documentationwww.monetdb.org/­Documentationwww.postgresql.org/­docsdocs.tigergraph.com
DeveloperMonetDB BVPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release20041989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL2017
Current releaseOct2020-SP2, January 202113.3, May 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMozilla Public License 2.0Open Source infoBSDcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageCCC++
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.no
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoSQL 2003 with some extensionsyes infostandard with numerous extensionsSQL-like query language (GSQL)
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
native C library infoMAPI library (MonetDB application programming interface)
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
GSQL (TigerGraph Query Language)
Kafka
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes, in SQL, C, Ruser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.yes
Triggersyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding via remote tablespartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnone infoSource-replica replication available in experimental statusSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
MonetDBPostgreSQLTigerGraph
Specific characteristicsColumn-store In-memory optimized GeoSpatial support JSON document support
» more
TigerGraph is a native graph database, with massively parallel processing and fully...
» more
Competitive advantagesScalable architecture - vertical data organization and in-memory optimization guarantee...
» more
TigerGraph is the fastest and most scalable graph platform, powered by a native parallel...
» more
Typical application scenariosAnalytical database, Data warehouse, OLAP Data mining Scientific database
» more
Anti Money Laundering Real-Time Fraud Detection Customer 360 Real-Time Personalized...
» more
Key customersNumascale , Spinque , SecurActive , CHS , NOZHUP
» more
Four out of the top five global banks use TigerGraph for real-time fraud detection....
» more
Market metricsANALYST RESEARCH Nov 2020: TigerGraph Named A Leader For Graph Data Platforms - TigerGraph...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsFree and open-source software, Mozilla Public License 2.0 Commercial support available
» more
Try TigerGraph for Free in the Cloud or On Prem https://www.tigergraph.com/get-tigergraph/...
» more

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More resources
MonetDBPostgreSQLTigerGraph
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