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DBMS > MonetDB vs. PostgreSQL vs. Stardog vs. TinkerGraph

System Properties Comparison MonetDB vs. PostgreSQL vs. Stardog vs. TinkerGraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMonetDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparisonTinkerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA relational database management system that stores data in columnsWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualizationA lightweight, in-memory graph engine that serves as a reference implementation of the TinkerPop3 API
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Graph DBMS
RDF store
Graph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.77
Rank#123  Overall
#61  Relational DBMS
Score522.99
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score1.15
Rank#145  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Score0.15
Rank#274  Overall
#23  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.monetdb.orgwww.postgresql.orgwww.stardog.comtinkerpop.apache.org/­docs/­current/­reference/­#tinkergraph-gremlin
Technical documentationwww.monetdb.org/­Documentationwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manualswww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperMonetDB BVPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerStardog-Union
Initial release20041989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL20102009
Current releaseNov2019-SP1, December 201912.3, May 20207.3.0, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMozilla Public License 2.0Open Source infoBSDcommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/studentsOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageCCJavaJava
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.no infoImport/export of XML data possibleno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatialno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoSQL 2003 with some extensionsyes infostandard with numerous extensionsYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Serverno
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
native C library infoMAPI library (MonetDB application programming interface)
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesC
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Groovy
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes, in SQL, C, Ruser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.user defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Javano
Triggersyesyesyes infovia event handlersno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding via remote tablespartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnone infoMaster-slave replication available in experimental statusMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMaster-master replication in HA-Clusternone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-Clusternone
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes inforelationships in graphsyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesno
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesoptional
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesno
More information provided by the system vendor
MonetDBPostgreSQLStardogTinkerGraph
Specific characteristicsColumn-store In-memory optimized GeoSpatial support JSON document support
» more
Stardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesScalable architecture - vertical data organization and in-memory optimization guarantee...
» more
Stardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosAnalytical database, Data warehouse, OLAP Data mining Scientific database
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersNumascale , Spinque , SecurActive , CHS , NOZHUP
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsStardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsFree and open-source software, Mozilla Public License 2.0 Commercial support available
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
News

Optimistic Concurrency Control in MonetDB
3 January 2020

Limit memory usage of MonetDB on Linux with CGROUPS
9 May 2019

SQL:2003 merge statements now supported in MonetDB
8 March 2019

Extended SQL:2011 Window Functions in MonetDB
26 February 2019

Updatable MERGE TABLEs with partition predicates
26 February 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
MonetDBPostgreSQLStardogTinkerGraph
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Conferences and events

PostgreSQL Online Trainings
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