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DBMS > MonetDB vs. PostgreSQL vs. SAP HANA

System Properties Comparison MonetDB vs. PostgreSQL vs. SAP HANA

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMonetDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA relational database management system that stores data in columnsWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.95
Rank#120  Overall
#59  Relational DBMS
Score568.51
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score54.11
Rank#19  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.monetdb.orgwww.postgresql.orgwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.html
Technical documentationwww.monetdb.org/­Documentationwww.postgresql.org/­docshelp.sap.com/­hana
DeveloperMonetDB BVPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerSAP
Initial release20041989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL2010
Current releaseOct2020-SP2, January 202113.3, May 20212.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMozilla Public License 2.0Open Source infoBSDcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono infoalso available as a cloud based service
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageCC
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Appliance or cloud-service
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.no
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoSQL 2003 with some extensionsyes infostandard with numerous extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
native C library infoMAPI library (MonetDB application programming interface)
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes, in SQL, C, Ruser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.SQLScript, R
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding via remote tablespartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnone infoSource-replica replication available in experimental statusSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes
More information provided by the system vendor
MonetDBPostgreSQLSAP HANA
Specific characteristicsColumn-store In-memory optimized GeoSpatial support JSON document support
» more
Competitive advantagesScalable architecture - vertical data organization and in-memory optimization guarantee...
» more
Typical application scenariosAnalytical database, Data warehouse, OLAP Data mining Scientific database
» more
Key customersNumascale , Spinque , SecurActive , CHS , NOZHUP
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsFree and open-source software, Mozilla Public License 2.0 Commercial support available
» more

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More resources
MonetDBPostgreSQLSAP HANA
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Recent citations in the news

MonetDB Solutions secures investment from ServiceNow — CWI Amsterdam
1 October 2019, Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica (CWI)

RDBMS Software Market Size & Revenue Analysis | IBM, PostgreSQL Global Development Group – KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper
3 June 2021, KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper

Database consulting company MonetDB Solutions newest spin-off CWI
21 November 2013, Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica (CWI)

CWI spin-off MonetDB Solutions teams up with Numascale
3 February 2015, Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica (CWI)

Integrating data science and relational systems — CWI Amsterdam
10 June 2020, Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica (CWI)

provided by Google News

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Deploying a Data Warehouse With PostgreSQL
2 June 2021, CDOTrends

Postgres Vision 2021 Agenda to Include Top PostgreSQL Experts and Users from Around the World
26 May 2021, Business Wire

provided by Google News

SAP HANA and S4HANA Market Size, Industry Trends and Forecast to 2028 | Major Players -, – The Courier
21 June 2021, The Courier

Omnis Studio Integration with SAP HANA
25 May 2021, EIN News

SAP HANA and S4HANA Market Size and Growth Opportunities with COVID19 Impact Analysis | Top Companies -, – The Manomet Current
16 June 2021, The Manomet Current

SAP reveals new data marketplace, planning capabilities in Business Technology Platform
2 June 2021, ZDNet

SAP steps back from S/4HANA-on-Azure preference
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provided by Google News

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