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DBMS > MonetDB vs. Oracle Rdb vs. OrientDB vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison MonetDB vs. Oracle Rdb vs. OrientDB vs. SQLite

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMonetDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Rdb  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA relational database management system that stores data in columnsMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)Widely used embeddable, in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.91
Rank#131  Overall
#64  Relational DBMS
Score1.24
Rank#162  Overall
#77  Relational DBMS
Score4.81
Rank#81  Overall
#15  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#13  Key-value stores
Score138.82
Rank#10  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.monetdb.orgwww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­rdb/­overview/­index.htmlorientdb.orgwww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationwww.monetdb.org/­Documentationwww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.htmlwww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
DeveloperMonetDB BVOracle, originally developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC)OrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAPDwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release2004198420102000
Current releaseJul2021-SP2, July 20217.4.1.1, 20213.1.9, February 20213.39.3  (5 September 2022), September 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMozilla Public License 2.0commercialOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJavaC
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
HP Open VMSAll OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)server-less
Data schemeyesFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)schema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")yes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoSQL 2003 with some extensionsyesSQL-like query language, no joinsyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
native C library infoMAPI library (MonetDB application programming interface)
ODBC
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languagesC
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes, in SQL, C, RJava, Javascriptno
TriggersyesHooksyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding via remote tablesShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnone infoSource-replica replication available in experimental statusMulti-source replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocould be achieved with distributed queriesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes inforelationship in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyes, on a single nodeACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurableno

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