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DBMS > MonetDB vs. Oracle vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison MonetDB vs. Oracle vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMonetDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA relational database management system that stores data in columnsWidely used RDBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.95
Rank#120  Overall
#59  Relational DBMS
Score1270.94
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score568.51
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.monetdb.orgwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationwww.monetdb.org/­Documentationdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasewww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperMonetDB BVOraclePostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release200419801989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current releaseOct2020-SP2, January 202119c, February 201913.3, May 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMozilla Public License 2.0commercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageCC and C++C
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoSQL 2003 with some extensionsyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
native C library infoMAPI library (MonetDB application programming interface)
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes, in SQL, C, RPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding via remote tablesSharding, horizontal partitioningpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnone infoSource-replica replication available in experimental statusMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocan be realized in PL/SQLno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'no
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
MonetDBOraclePostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsColumn-store In-memory optimized GeoSpatial support JSON document support
» more
Competitive advantagesScalable architecture - vertical data organization and in-memory optimization guarantee...
» more
Typical application scenariosAnalytical database, Data warehouse, OLAP Data mining Scientific database
» more
Key customersNumascale , Spinque , SecurActive , CHS , NOZHUP
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsFree and open-source software, Mozilla Public License 2.0 Commercial support available
» more

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More resources
MonetDBOraclePostgreSQL
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Recent citations in the news

MonetDB Solutions secures investment from ServiceNow — CWI Amsterdam
1 October 2019, Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica (CWI)

RDBMS Software Market Size & Revenue Analysis | IBM, PostgreSQL Global Development Group – KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper
3 June 2021, KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper

Database consulting company MonetDB Solutions newest spin-off CWI
21 November 2013, Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica (CWI)

CWI spin-off MonetDB Solutions teams up with Numascale
3 February 2015, Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica (CWI)

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