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DBMS > MonetDB vs. MySQL vs. QuestDB vs. Spark SQL vs. Trafodion

System Properties Comparison MonetDB vs. MySQL vs. QuestDB vs. Spark SQL vs. Trafodion

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMonetDB  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonQuestDB  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparisonTrafodion  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA relational database management system that stores data in columnsWidely used open source RDBMSA high performance open source SQL database for time series dataSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processingTransactional SQL-on-Hadoop DBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APITime Series DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.91
Rank#125  Overall
#60  Relational DBMS
Score1206.04
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score1.11
Rank#165  Overall
#11  Time Series DBMS
Score22.97
Rank#34  Overall
#20  Relational DBMS
Score0.45
Rank#243  Overall
#115  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.monetdb.orgwww.mysql.comquestdb.iospark.apache.org/­sqltrafodion.apache.org
Technical documentationwww.monetdb.org/­Documentationdev.mysql.com/­docquestdb.io/­docs/­introductionspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.htmltrafodion.apache.org
DeveloperMonetDB BVOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunQuestDB LimitedApache Software FoundationApache Software Foundation, originally developed by HP
Initial release20041995201420142014
Current releaseOct2020-SP2, January 20218.0.27, October 20213.2.0, October 20212.3.0, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMozilla Public License 2.0Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageCC and C++JavaScalaC++, Java
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesyesyes infoschema-free via InfluxDB Line Protocolyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonono
Secondary indexesyesyesnonoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoSQL 2003 with some extensionsyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like query languageSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
native C library infoMAPI library (MonetDB application programming interface)
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
HTTP REST
InfluxDB Line Protocol (TCP/UDP)
JDBC
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C infoPostgreSQL driver
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Rust infoover HTTP
Java
Python
R
Scala
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/ADO.Net
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes, in SQL, C, Ryes infoproprietary syntaxnonoJava Stored Procedures
Triggersyesyesnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding via remote tableshorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabrichorizontal partitioning (by timestamps)yes, utilizing Spark CoreSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnone infoSource-replica replication available in experimental statusMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Configurable consistency for N replicasnoneyes, via HBase
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyes infovia user defined functions and HBase
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage enginenonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID for single-table writesnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infothrough memory mapped filesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
MonetDBMySQLQuestDBSpark SQLTrafodion
Specific characteristicsColumn-store In-memory optimized GeoSpatial support JSON document support
» more
Relational model with native time series support Column based storage and time partitioned...
» more
Competitive advantagesScalable architecture - vertical data organization and in-memory optimization guarantee...
» more
Real-time data ingestion and istant SQL queries for time series High performance...
» more
Typical application scenariosAnalytical database, Data warehouse, OLAP Data mining Scientific database
» more
Application metrics Financial market data and algo trading DevOps monitoring Real-time...
» more
Key customersNumascale , Spinque , SecurActive , CHS , NOZHUP
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsFree and open-source software, Mozilla Public License 2.0 Commercial support available
» more
Apache 2.0.
» more
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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
MonetDBMySQLQuestDBSpark SQLTrafodion
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