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DBMS > MonetDB vs. MySQL vs. OrientDB

System Properties Comparison MonetDB vs. MySQL vs. OrientDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMonetDB  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA relational database management system that stores data in columnsWidely used open source RDBMSMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.92
Rank#123  Overall
#59  Relational DBMS
Score1219.77
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score4.05
Rank#82  Overall
#13  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Websitewww.monetdb.orgwww.mysql.comorientdb.org
Technical documentationwww.monetdb.org/­Documentationdev.mysql.com/­docwww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.html
DeveloperMonetDB BVOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAP
Initial release200419952010
Current releaseOct2020-SP2, January 20218.0.26, July 20213.1.9, February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMozilla Public License 2.0Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageCC and C++Java
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)
Data schemeyesyesschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoSQL 2003 with some extensionsyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like query language, no joins
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
native C library infoMAPI library (MonetDB application programming interface)
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes, in SQL, C, Ryes infoproprietary syntaxJava, Javascript
TriggersyesyesHooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding via remote tableshorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL FabricSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnone infoSource-replica replication available in experimental statusMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocould be achieved with distributed queries
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes inforelationship in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurable
More information provided by the system vendor
MonetDBMySQLOrientDB
Specific characteristicsColumn-store In-memory optimized GeoSpatial support JSON document support
» more
Competitive advantagesScalable architecture - vertical data organization and in-memory optimization guarantee...
» more
Typical application scenariosAnalytical database, Data warehouse, OLAP Data mining Scientific database
» more
Key customersNumascale , Spinque , SecurActive , CHS , NOZHUP
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsFree and open-source software, Mozilla Public License 2.0 Commercial support available
» more

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More resources
MonetDBMySQLOrientDB
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