DB-EnginesCrateDB bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > MonetDB vs. MongoDB vs. Virtuoso

System Properties Comparison MonetDB vs. MongoDB vs. Virtuoso

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMonetDB  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonVirtuoso  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA relational database management system that stores data in columnsOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureVirtuoso is a multi-model hybrid-RDBMS that supports management of data represented as relational tables and/or property graphs
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeGraph DBMS
Native XML DBMS
Relational DBMS
RDF store
Search engine
Secondary database modelsDocument storeSearch engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.91
Rank#115  Overall
#57  Relational DBMS
Score413.18
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score2.63
Rank#97  Overall
#5  Graph DBMS
#3  Native XML DBMS
#47  Relational DBMS
#2  RDF stores
#11  Search engines
Websitewww.monetdb.orgwww.mongodb.comvirtuoso.openlinksw.com
Technical documentationwww.monetdb.org/­Documentationdocs.mongodb.com/­manualdocs.openlinksw.com/­virtuoso
DeveloperMonetDB BVMongoDB, IncOpenLink Software
Initial release200420091998
Current releaseApr2019, April 20194.2, August 20198.3, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMozilla Public License 2.0Open Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
MongoDB Atlas: Deploy a fully managed cloud database on-demand and ready for use in minutes. Available on AWS, Azure, and GCP.
Implementation languageCC++C
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.yes infoSQL - Standard relational schema
RDF - Quad (S, P, O, G) or Triple (S, P, O)
XML - DTD, XML Schema
DAV - freeform filesystem objects, plus User Defined Types a/k/a Dynamic Extension Type
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoSQL 2003 with some extensionsRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BIyes infoSQL-92, SQL-200x, SQL-3, SQLX
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
native C library infoMAPI library (MonetDB application programming interface)
ODBC
proprietary protocol using JSONADO.NET
GeoSPARQL
HTTP API
JDBC
Jena RDF API
ODBC
OLE DB
RDF4J API
RESTful HTTP API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SOAP webservices
SPARQL 1.1
WebDAV
XPath
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languagesC
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Actionscript infoinofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infoinofficial driver
ColdFusion infoinofficial driver
D infoinofficial driver
Dart infoinofficial driver
Delphi infoinofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infoinofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infoinofficial driver
Lua infoinofficial driver
MatLab infoinofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infoinofficial driver
Prolog infoinofficial driver
Python
R infoinofficial driver
Ruby
Scala
Smalltalk infoinofficial driver
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes, in SQL, C, RJavaScriptyes infoVirtuoso PL
Triggersyesyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding via remote tablesSharding infopartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keysyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnone infoMaster-slave replication available in experimental statusMaster-slave replicationChain, star, and bi-directional replication
Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infooptionalyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2yes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesFine-grained Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC) in addition to typical coarse-grained Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) according to SQL-standard. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
MonetDBMongoDBVirtuoso
Specific characteristicsColumn-store In-memory optimized GeoSpatial support JSON document support
» more
MongoDB is the leading modern, general purpose data platform, designed to unleash...
» more
Virtuoso is a modern multi-model RDBMS for managing data represented as tabular relations...
» more
Competitive advantagesScalable architecture - vertical data organization and in-memory optimization guarantee...
» more
The MongoDB Data Platform can be used by developers building OLTP and analytical...
» more
Performance & Scale โ€” as exemplified by DBpedia and the LOD Cloud it spawned, i.e.,...
» more
Typical application scenariosAnalytical database, Data warehouse, OLAP Data mining Scientific database
» more
Internet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Used for โ€” Analytics/BI Conceptual Data Virtualization Enterprise Knowledge Graphs...
» more
Key customersNumascale , Spinque , SecurActive , CHS , NOZHUP
» more
ADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Broad use across enterprises and governments including โ€” European Union (EU) US Government...
» more
Market metrics70 million downloads (growing at more than 30 thousand downloads per day). 15,000+...
» more
Largest installed-base โ€‹of Multi-Model RDBMS for AI-friendly Knowledge Graphs Platform...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsFree and open-source software, Mozilla Public License 2.0 Commercial support available
» more
MongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more
Available in both Commercial Enterprise and Open Source (GPL v2) Editions Feature...
» more
News

Limit memory usage of MonetDB on Linux with CGROUPS
9 May 2019

SQL:2003 merge statements now supported in MonetDB
8 March 2019

Extended SQL:2011 Window Functions in MonetDB
26 February 2019

Updatable MERGE TABLEs with partition predicates
26 February 2019

Remote Tables and Authorization
10 August 2018

Related products and services
3rd partiesStudio 3T: The world's favorite IDE for working with MongoDB
» more

ScaleGrid: Deploy, monitor, backup and scale MongoDB in the cloud with the #1 Database-as-a-Service (DBaaS) platform.
» more

Dremio: Analyze your data with standard SQL and any BI tool. Accelerate your queries up to 1,000x.
» more

Navicat for MongoDB gives you a highly effective GUI interface for MongoDB database management, administration and development.
» more

DBHawk: Powerful web-based MongoDB GUI. Connect securely to on-premise MongoDB or MongoDB on the Cloud, Atlas or mLab.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

Knowi: Build MongoDB Reports and Data Visualizations in Minutes with Native Integration
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
MonetDBMongoDBVirtuoso
DB-Engines blog posts

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL moves up one rank at the expense of MongoDB
1 September 2016, Paul Andlinger

Oracle is the DBMS of the Year
5 January 2016, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

Future Trends & Demands for RDBMS Software Market 2019 | Growth, Opportunities & Forecast To 2026 |Top Market Players: Cubrid, TmaxSoft, SQLite, Oracle, Microsoft & More
13 November 2019, Market Expert

MonetDB Solutions secures investment from ServiceNow
1 October 2019, Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica (CWI)

CWI research collaboration leads to 100 million euro investment in Amsterdam
6 November 2019, Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica (CWI)

Info-graphic view of RDBMS Software Market Viewpoint, Trends and Predictions 2019-2024 | Cubrid, TmaxSoft, SQLite, Oracle
14 November 2019, Galus Australis

RDBMS Software Market Report 2019: Acute Analysis of Global Demand and Supply 2024 with Major Key Player: Cubrid, TmaxSoft, SQLite, Oracle, Microsoft, VoltDB & more
12 November 2019, Eastlake Times

provided by Google News

Alibaba Cloud to offer MongoDB managed service
30 October 2019, ZDNet

MongoDB (NASDAQ:MDB) Has Debt But No Earnings; Should You Worry?
12 November 2019, Simply Wall St

MongoDB Allies With Alibaba To Bring Database Cloud Service To China
30 October 2019, CRN: The Biggest Tech News For Partners And The IT Channel

Why Crocs, Garmin, and MongoDB Jumped Today
30 October 2019, The Motley Fool

Thinking About Database Opportunities? Think MongoDB! | Articles
25 October 2019, Go Certify

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Data Scientist
Cerebri AI, Washington, DC

Data Scientist
Cerebri AI, Austin, TX

NoSQL Database Administrator
Hewlett Packard Enterprise, Houston, TX

Sr. SW Test Engineer
Visa, Austin, TX

Associate Database Administrator
Northrop Grumman, Herndon, VA

MongoDB Database Administrator
Coso IT, San Jose, CA

DevOps and Database Administrator
Glu Mobile, San Francisco, CA

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products


Datastax logo

Build data-driven applications that set the standard for performance, availability,
& scale with DataStax.
Learn more.

Redis logo

Hosted, serverless DBaaS
in 3 steps.

30MB Free!
Start now.

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

RavenDB logo

Setup a fully managed RavenDB Cloud Database in minutes. Enjoy hosting, management, backups all in one place.
Grab a Free Instance

Present your product here