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DBMS > MonetDB vs. MongoDB vs. TimescaleDB

System Properties Comparison MonetDB vs. MongoDB vs. TimescaleDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMonetDB  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonTimescaleDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA relational database management system that stores data in columnsOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureA time series DBMS optimized for fast ingest and complex queries, based on PostgreSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.00
Rank#118  Overall
#57  Relational DBMS
Score496.16
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score3.14
Rank#93  Overall
#5  Time Series DBMS
Websitewww.monetdb.orgwww.mongodb.comwww.timescale.com
Technical documentationwww.monetdb.org/­Documentationdocs.mongodb.com/­manualdocs.timescale.com
DeveloperMonetDB BVMongoDB, IncTimescale
Initial release200420092017
Current releaseOct2020-SP2, January 20215.0, July 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMozilla Public License 2.0Open Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageCC++C
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialnumerics, strings, booleans, arrays, JSON blobs, geospatial dimensions, currencies, binary data, other complex data types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoSQL 2003 with some extensionsRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BIyes infofull PostgreSQL SQL syntax
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
native C library infoMAPI library (MonetDB application programming interface)
ODBC
proprietary protocol using JSONADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes, in SQL, C, RJavaScriptuser defined functions, PL/pgSQL, PL/Tcl, PL/Perl, PL/Python, PL/Java, PL/PHP, PL/R, PL/Ruby, PL/Scheme, PL/Unix shell
Triggersyesyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding via remote tablesSharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.yes, across time and space (hash partitioning) attributes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnone infoSource-replica replication available in experimental statusMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication with hot standby and reads on replicas info
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infooptional, enabled by defaultyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2no
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
MonetDBMongoDBTimescaleDB
Specific characteristicsColumn-store In-memory optimized GeoSpatial support JSON document support
» more
MongoDB’s application data platform provides developers a unified interface to power...
» more
Timescale is the creator of TimescaleDB , the first open-source relational database...
» more
Competitive advantagesScalable architecture - vertical data organization and in-memory optimization guarantee...
» more
The MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
» more
TimescaleDB is purpose-built to scale and handle time-series data workloads and is...
» more
Typical application scenariosAnalytical database, Data warehouse, OLAP Data mining Scientific database
» more
Internet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
DevOps and Infrastructure Monitoring All monitoring data is time-series data. Efficiently...
» more
Key customersNumascale , Spinque , SecurActive , CHS , NOZHUP
» more
ADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
TransferWise, Maersk, AppDynamics, Walmart, Comcast, LaunchDarkly, IBM, NOV, Cisco,...
» more
Market metrics175 million downloads, over 1.5M Atlas database clusters under management handling...
» more
With over 9,000 GitHub stars and growing, 600,000 active databases, and an active...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsFree and open-source software, Mozilla Public License 2.0 Commercial support available
» more
MongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more
TimescaleDB comes in 3 versions, including fully managed Cloud-hosted solutions*,...
» more
Related products and services
3rd partiesStudio 3T: The world's favorite IDE for working with MongoDB
» more

Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more

ClusterControl: the only management system you’ll ever need to take control of your open source database infrastructure.
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Navicat for MongoDB gives you a highly effective GUI interface for MongoDB database management, administration and development.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more
ClusterControl: the only management system you’ll ever need to take control of your open source database infrastructure.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
MonetDBMongoDBTimescaleDB
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