DBMS > Milvus vs. Stardog vs. TerarkDB
System Properties Comparison Milvus vs. Stardog vs. TerarkDB
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
|Milvus Xexclude from comparison
|Stardog Xexclude from comparison
|TerarkDB Xexclude from comparison
|A DBMS designed for efficient storage of vector data and vector similarity searches
|Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualization
|A key-value store forked from RocksDB with advanced compression algorithms. It can be used standalone or as a storage engine for MySQL and MongoDB
|Primary database model
|ByteDance, originally Terark
|2.3.4, January 2024
|7.3.0, May 2020
|License Commercial or Open Source
|Open Source Apache Version 2.0
|commercial 60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
|commercial restricted open source version available
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service
Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
|Zilliz Cloud – Cloud-native service for Milvus
|Server operating systems
macOS 10.14 or later
Windows with WSL 2 enabled
|schema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date
|Vector, Numeric and String
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.
|no Import/export of XML data possible
|yes supports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
|SQL Support of SQL
|Yes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Server
|APIs and other access methods
|RESTful HTTP API
|GraphQL query language
Jena RDF API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
|Supported programming languages
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures
|user defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
|yes via event handlers
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes
|Multi-source replication in HA-Cluster
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system
|Immediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
|Foreign keys Referential integrity
|yes relationships in graphs
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data
|Durability Support for making data persistent
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.
|User concepts Access control
|Role based access control and fine grained access rights
|Access rights for users and roles
|More information provided by the system vendor
|Milvus is an open-source and cloud-native vector database built for production-ready...
|Highly available, versatile, and robust with millisecond latency. Supports batch...
|Typical application scenarios
|RAG: retrieval augmented generation Video media : video understanding, video deduplication....
|Milvus is trusted by thousands of enterprises, including PayPal, eBay, IKEA, LINE,...
|As of January 2024, 25k+ GitHub stars 10M+ downloads and installations 3k+ enterprise...
|Licensing and pricing models
|Milvus was released under the open-source Apache License 2.0 in October 2019. Fully-managed...
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