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DBMS > Milvus vs. OrientDB vs. Pinecone

System Properties Comparison Milvus vs. OrientDB vs. Pinecone

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMilvus  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonPinecone  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA DBMS designed for efficient storage of vector data and vector similarity searchesMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)A managed, cloud-native vector database
Primary database modelVector DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Vector DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.78
Rank#103  Overall
#4  Vector DBMS
Score3.25
Rank#89  Overall
#16  Document stores
#6  Graph DBMS
#13  Key-value stores
Score3.23
Rank#92  Overall
#3  Vector DBMS
Websitemilvus.ioorientdb.orgwww.pinecone.io
Technical documentationmilvus.io/­docs/­overview.mdwww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.htmldocs.pinecone.io/­docs/­overview
DeveloperOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAPPinecone Systems, Inc
Initial release201920102019
Current release2.4.4, May 20243.2.29, March 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Zilliz Cloud – Cloud-native service for Milvus
Implementation languageC++, GoJava
Server operating systemsLinux
macOS info10.14 or later
Windows infowith WSL 2 enabled
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)hosted
Data schemeschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateVector, Numeric and StringyesString, Number, Boolean
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query language, no joinsno
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APITinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava, Javascript
TriggersnoHooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocould be achieved with distributed queriesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemBounded Staleness
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Session Consistency
Tunable Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes inforelationship in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlRole based access control and fine grained access rightsAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurable
More information provided by the system vendor
MilvusOrientDBPinecone
Specific characteristicsMilvus is an open-source and cloud-native vector database built for production-ready...
» more
Competitive advantagesHighly available, versatile, and robust with millisecond latency. Supports batch...
» more
Typical application scenariosRAG: retrieval augmented generation Video media : video understanding, video deduplication....
» more
Key customersMilvus is trusted by thousands of enterprises, including PayPal, eBay, IKEA, LINE,...
» more
Market metricsAs of January 2024, 25k+ GitHub stars 10M+ downloads and installations​ ​ 3k+ enterprise...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMilvus was released under the open-source Apache License 2.0 in October 2019. Fully-managed...
» more

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More resources
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Recent citations in the news

How NVIDIA GPU Acceleration Supercharged Milvus Vector Database
26 March 2024, The New Stack

AI-Powered Search Engine With Milvus Vector Database on Vultr
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Milvus 2.4 Unveils Game-Changing Features for Enhanced Vector Search
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