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DBMS > Milvus vs. OpenQM vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison Milvus vs. OpenQM vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMilvus  Xexclude from comparisonOpenQM infoalso called QM  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA DBMS designed for efficient storage of vector data and vector similarity searchesQpenQM is a high-performance, self-tuning, multi-value DBMSTiDB is an open source distributed SQL database that supports Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) workloads. It is MySQL compatible and features horizontal scalability, strong consistency, and high availability.
Primary database modelVector DBMSMultivalue DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.31
Rank#113  Overall
#3  Vector DBMS
Score0.27
Rank#298  Overall
#10  Multivalue DBMS
Score4.66
Rank#70  Overall
#38  Relational DBMS
Websitemilvus.iowww.rocketsoftware.com/­products/­rocket-multivalue-application-development-platform/­rocket-open-qmpingcap.com
Technical documentationmilvus.io/­docs/­overview.mddocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperRocket Software, originally Martin PhillipsPingCAP, Inc.
Initial release201919932016
Current release2.3.4, January 20243.4-128.1.0, May 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Zilliz Cloud – Cloud-native service for MilvusTiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageC++, GoGo, Rust
Server operating systemsLinux
macOS info10.14 or later
Windows infowith WSL 2 enabled
AIX
FreeBSD
Linux
macOS
Raspberry Pi
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyes infowith some exceptionsyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateVector, Numeric and Stringyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIGORM
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
SQLAlchemy
Supported programming languagesC++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
Basic
C
Java
Objective C
PHP
Python
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesno
Triggersnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingyeshorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemBounded Staleness
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Session Consistency
Tunable Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infofull support since version 6.6
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlRole based access control and fine grained access rightsAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelFine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
MilvusOpenQM infoalso called QMTiDB
Specific characteristicsMilvus is an open-source and cloud-native vector database built for production-ready...
» more
TiDB is an advanced open-source, distributed SQL database for modern application...
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Competitive advantagesHighly available, versatile, and robust with millisecond latency. Supports batch...
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- HORIZONTAL SCALING : TiDB grants total transparency into your data workloads without...
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Typical application scenariosRAG: retrieval augmented generation Video media : video understanding, video deduplication....
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TiDB is ideal for transactional applications that require extreme scalability and...
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Key customersMilvus is trusted by thousands of enterprises, including PayPal, eBay, IKEA, LINE,...
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Block, Pinterest, Catalyst, Bolt, Flipkart, Capcom, Shopee (E-commerce), JD Cloud...
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Market metricsAs of January 2024, 25k+ GitHub stars 10M+ downloads and installations​ ​ 3k+ enterprise...
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34K+ GitHub stars 5K+ members in TiDB Community Slack 1K+ community contributors...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMilvus was released under the open-source Apache License 2.0 in October 2019. Fully-managed...
» more
TiDB Community : Free open source software (Apache 2.0) TiDB Self-Hosted : Enterprise...
» more

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More resources
MilvusOpenQM infoalso called QMTiDB
DB-Engines blog posts

Vector databases
2 June 2023, Matthias Gelbmann

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Recent citations in the news

How NVIDIA GPU Acceleration Supercharged Milvus Vector Database
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31 January 2024, SitePoint

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20 March 2024, GlobeNewswire

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29 May 2024, GlobeNewswire

PingCAP Launches TiDB 7.5, Enhancing Distributed SQL Database Tech
19 December 2023, Datanami

Google Cloud's C3D Instances Provide Strong Performance Value For PingCAP's TiDB
28 March 2024, Phoronix

TiDB by PingCAP Leads Data Management Revolution at GIDS 2024, Empowering India's Burgeoning Developer ...
25 April 2024, CXOToday.com

provided by Google News



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