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DBMS > Milvus vs. MySQL vs. SingleStore

System Properties Comparison Milvus vs. MySQL vs. SingleStore

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMilvus  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA DBMS designed for efficient storage of vector data and vector similarity searchesWidely used open source RDBMSMySQL wire-compliant distributed RDBMS that combines an in-memory row-oriented and a disc-based column-oriented storage with patented universal storage to handle transactional and analytical workloads in one single table type
Primary database modelVector DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Vector DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.12
Rank#89  Overall
#4  Vector DBMS
Score1039.46
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score4.12
Rank#70  Overall
#38  Relational DBMS
Websitemilvus.iowww.mysql.comwww.singlestore.com
Technical documentationmilvus.io/­docs/­overview.mddev.mysql.com/­docdocs.singlestore.com
DeveloperOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunSingleStore Inc.
Initial release201919952013
Current release2.4.4, May 20249.0.0, July 20248.5, January 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availablecommercial infofree developer edition available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Zilliz Cloud – Cloud-native service for MilvusAiven for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL, deployable in the cloud of your choice, with seamless integrations and lightning-fast setup.SingleStoreDB Cloud: The world's fastest, modern cloud database for both operational (OLTP) and analytical (OLAP) workloads. Available instantly with multi-cloud and hybrid-cloud capabilities
Implementation languageC++, GoC and C++C++, Go
Server operating systemsLinux
macOS info10.14 or later
Windows infowith WSL 2 enabled
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux info64 bit version required
Data schemeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateVector, Numeric and Stringyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infobut no triggers and foreign keys
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Cluster Management API infoas HTTP Rest and CLI
HTTP API
JDBC
MongoDB API
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Bash
C
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoproprietary syntaxyes
Triggersnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL FabricSharding infohash partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication infostores two copies of each physical data partition on two separate nodes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocan define user-defined aggregate functions for map-reduce-style calculations
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemBounded Staleness
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Session Consistency
Tunable Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoAll updates are persistent, including those to disk-based columnstores and memory-based row stores. Transaction commits are supported via write-ahead log.
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlRole based access control and fine grained access rightsUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesFine grained access control via users, groups and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
MilvusMySQLSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQL
Specific characteristicsMilvus is an open-source and cloud-native vector database built for production-ready...
» more
SingleStore offers a fully-managed , distributed, highly-scalable SQL database designed...
» more
Competitive advantagesHighly available, versatile, and robust with millisecond latency. Supports batch...
» more
SingleStore’s competitive advantages include: Easy and Simplified Architecture with...
» more
Typical application scenariosRAG: retrieval augmented generation Video media : video understanding, video deduplication....
» more
Driving Fast Analytics: SingleStore delivers the fastest and most scalable reporting...
» more
Key customersMilvus is trusted by thousands of enterprises, including PayPal, eBay, IKEA, LINE,...
» more
IEX Cloud : Improves Financial Data Distribution Speed 15x with Singlestore DB Comcast,...
» more
Market metricsAs of January 2024, 25k+ GitHub stars 10M+ downloads and installations​ ​ 3k+ enterprise...
» more
Customers in various industries worldwide including US and International Industry...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMilvus was released under the open-source Apache License 2.0 in October 2019. Fully-managed...
» more
F ree Tier and Enterprise Edition
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for MySQL and many other database management systems.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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Navicat for MySQL is the ideal solution for MySQL/MariaDB administration and development.
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Aiven for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL, deployable in the cloud of your choice, with seamless integrations and lightning-fast setup.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
MilvusMySQLSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

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14 February 2022,  Akmal Chaudhri, SingleStore (sponsor) 

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Recent citations in the news

How NVIDIA GPU Acceleration Supercharged Milvus Vector Database
26 March 2024, The New Stack

AI-Powered Search Engine With Milvus Vector Database on Vultr
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IBM watsonx.data’s integrated vector database: unify, prepare, and deliver your data for AI
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Using Evaluations to Optimize a RAG Pipeline: from Chunkings and Embeddings to LLMs
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Milvus 2.4 Unveils Game-Changing Features for Enhanced Vector Search
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A Complete Guide on MySQL Workbench
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Building a Modern Database: Nikita Shamgunov on Postgres and Beyond
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Third time was the charm for SingleStore in the cloud, CEO says
8 July 2024, The Register

SingleStore makes it easier for firms to put Iceberg data to work
27 June 2024, Blocks & Files

SingleStore Turbocharges Data Lakehouses with Iceberg Support and Faster Vector Search
28 June 2024, Datanami

SingleStore CEO sees little future for purpose-built vector databases
24 January 2024, VentureBeat

provided by Google News



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