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DBMS > Milvus vs. MongoDB vs. Titan

System Properties Comparison Milvus vs. MongoDB vs. Titan

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMilvus  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonTitan  Xexclude from comparison
Titan has been decommisioned after the takeover by Datastax. It will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking. A fork has been open-sourced as JanusGraph.
DescriptionA DBMS designed for efficient storage of vector data and vector similarity searchesOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureTitan is a Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters.
Primary database modelSearch engineDocument storeGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.37
Rank#262  Overall
#17  Search engines
Score472.98
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Websitemilvus.iowww.mongodb.comtitan.thinkaurelius.com
Technical documentationmilvus.io/­docs/­overview.mddocs.mongodb.com/­manualgithub.com/­thinkaurelius/­titan/­wiki
DeveloperMongoDB, IncAurelius, owned by DataStax
Initial release201920092012
Current release2.0, January 20225.0.9, May 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoApache license, version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • ScaleGrid for MongoDB: Fully managed hosting for MongoDB database on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
  • MongoDB Atlas: Global multi-cloud database with unmatched data distribution and mobility across AWS, Azure, and Google Cloud, built-in automation for resource and workload optimization, and so much more.
Implementation languageC++, GoC++Java
Server operating systemsLinux
macOS info10.14 or later
Windows infowith WSL 2 enabled
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateNumeric and Stringyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BIno
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIproprietary protocol using JSONJava API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
Supported programming languagesC++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
Clojure
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJavaScriptyes
Triggersnoyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.yes infovia pluggable storage backends
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesyes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics engine
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemBounded Staleness
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Session Consistency
Tunable Consistency
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyes infoRelationships in graph
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infooptional, enabled by defaultyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcast
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2
User concepts infoAccess controlnoAccess rights for users and rolesUser authentification and security via Rexster Graph Server
More information provided by the system vendor
MilvusMongoDBTitan
Specific characteristicsMilvus is an open-source and cloud-native vector database built for production-ready...
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MongoDB’s application data platform provides developers a unified interface to power...
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Competitive advantagesHighly available, versatile, and robust with millisecond latency. Supports batch...
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The MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
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Typical application scenariosVideo media : video understanding, video deduplication. E-commerce and mobile applications...
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Internet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
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Key customersMilvus is trusted by over 1,000 enterprises, including Baidu, eBay, IKEA, LINE, Shopee,...
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ADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
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Market metricsAs of March 2022, 9.8k+ GitHub stars 1.4k+ Github forks 871k+ docker pulls 2k+ community...
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200+ million downloads, over 1.5M Atlas database clusters under management handling...
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Licensing and pricing modelsMilvus was released under the open-source Apache License 2.0 in October 2019. Managed...
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MongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
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