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DBMS > Milvus vs. MongoDB vs. Oracle Berkeley DB

System Properties Comparison Milvus vs. MongoDB vs. Oracle Berkeley DB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMilvus  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Berkeley DB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA DBMS designed for efficient storage of vector data and vector similarity searchesOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureWidely used in-process key-value store
Primary database modelVector DBMSDocument storeKey-value store infosupports sorted and unsorted key sets
Native XML DBMS infoin the Oracle Berkeley DB XML version
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
Vector DBMS infocurrently available in the MongoDB Atlas cloud service only
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.31
Rank#113  Overall
#3  Vector DBMS
Score421.65
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score2.21
Rank#117  Overall
#20  Key-value stores
#3  Native XML DBMS
Websitemilvus.iowww.mongodb.comwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­berkeleydb.html
Technical documentationmilvus.io/­docs/­overview.mdwww.mongodb.com/­docs/­manualdocs.oracle.com/­cd/­E17076_05/­html/­index.html
DeveloperMongoDB, IncOracle infooriginally developed by Sleepycat, which was acquired by Oracle
Initial release201920091994
Current release2.3.4, January 20246.0.7, June 202318.1.40, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infocommercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Zilliz Cloud – Cloud-native service for Milvus
  • MongoDB Atlas: Global multi-cloud database with unmatched data distribution and mobility across AWS, Azure, and Google Cloud, built-in automation for resource and workload optimization, and so much more.
  • MongoDB Flex @ STACKIT offers managed MongoDB Instances with adjustable CPU, RAM, storage amount and speed, in enterprise grade to perfectly match all application requirements. All services are 100% GDPR-compliant.
Implementation languageC++, GoC++C, Java, C++ (depending on the Berkeley DB edition)
Server operating systemsLinux
macOS info10.14 or later
Windows infowith WSL 2 enabled
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
Android
FreeBSD
iOS
Linux
OS X
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.schema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateVector, Numeric and Stringyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infoonly with the Berkeley DB XML edition
Secondary indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Atlas SQL Interfaceyes infoSQL interfaced based on SQLite is available
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIGraphQL
HTTP REST
Prisma
proprietary protocol using JSON
Supported programming languagesC++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Kotlin
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
.Net infoFigaro is a .Net framework assembly that extends Berkeley DB XML into an embeddable database engine for .NET
others infoThird-party libraries to manipulate Berkeley DB files are available for many languages
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Perl
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJavaScriptno
Triggersnoyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyyes infoonly for the SQL API
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.none
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemBounded Staleness
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Session Consistency
Tunable Consistency
Eventual Consistency infocan be individually decided for each read operation
Immediate Consistency infodefault behaviour
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infooptional, enabled by defaultyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2yes
User concepts infoAccess controlRole based access control and fine grained access rightsAccess rights for users and rolesno
More information provided by the system vendor
MilvusMongoDBOracle Berkeley DB
Specific characteristicsMilvus is an open-source and cloud-native vector database built for production-ready...
» more
MongoDB provides an integrated suite of cloud database and data services to accelerate...
» more
Competitive advantagesHighly available, versatile, and robust with millisecond latency. Supports batch...
» more
Built around the flexible document data model and unified API, MongoDB is a developer...
» more
Typical application scenariosRAG: retrieval augmented generation Video media : video understanding, video deduplication....
» more
AI-enriched intelligent apps (Continental, Telefonica, Iron Mountain) Internet of...
» more
Key customersMilvus is trusted by thousands of enterprises, including PayPal, eBay, IKEA, LINE,...
» more
ADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Market metricsAs of January 2024, 25k+ GitHub stars 10M+ downloads and installations​ ​ 3k+ enterprise...
» more
Hundreds of millions downloads, over 150,000+ Atlas clusters provisioned every month...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMilvus was released under the open-source Apache License 2.0 in October 2019. Fully-managed...
» more
MongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more

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