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DBMS > Milvus vs. MongoDB vs. Neo4j

System Properties Comparison Milvus vs. MongoDB vs. Neo4j

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMilvus  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA DBMS designed for efficient storage of vector data and vector similarity searchesOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offerings
Primary database modelSearch engineDocument storeGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.78
Rank#240  Overall
#17  Search engines
Score452.77
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score55.43
Rank#20  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Websitemilvus.iowww.mongodb.comneo4j.com
Technical documentationmilvus.io/­docs/­overview.mddocs.mongodb.com/­manualneo4j.com/­docs
DeveloperMongoDB, IncNeo4j, Inc.
Initial release201920092007
Current release2.2, November 20226.0.1, August 20225.3, December 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Zilliz Cloud – Cloud-native service for MilvusScaleGrid for MongoDB Database: Fully managed hosting for MongoDB Database on a wide variety of cloud providers and On-Premises. Automate your management, scaling and backups through one centralized platform.Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageC++, GoC++Java, Scala
Server operating systemsLinux
macOS info10.14 or later
Windows infowith WSL 2 enabled
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.schema-free and schema-optional
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateVector, Numeric and Stringyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesnoyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucene
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BIno
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIproprietary protocol using JSONBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesC++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJavaScriptyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functions
Triggersnoyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyyes infovia event handler
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.yes using Neo4j Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
Causal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version only
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemBounded Staleness
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Session Consistency
Tunable Consistency
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Causal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infooptional, enabled by defaultyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2
User concepts infoAccess controlnoAccess rights for users and rolesUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
MilvusMongoDBNeo4j
Specific characteristicsMilvus is an open-source and cloud-native vector database built for production-ready...
» more
Neo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesHighly available, versatile, and robust with millisecond latency. Supports batch...
» more
Neo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosVideo media : video understanding, video deduplication. E-commerce and mobile applications...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersMilvus is trusted by over 1,000 enterprises, including Baidu, eBay, IKEA, LINE, Shopee,...
» more
Over 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsAs of Oct 2022, 14k+ GitHub stars 2M+ downloads and installations 1000+ enterprise...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMilvus was released under the open-source Apache License 2.0 in October 2019. Fully-managed...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

Announcing Neo4j Graph Data Science 2.3
1 February 2023

This Week in Neo4j: VS Code Extension, Geospatial Data, Closeness Centrality, Project Management, and More!
28 January 2023

How to Graph an ERP System in 3 Easy Steps
26 January 2023

Graph Analytics: The Future in Data Science?
25 January 2023

This Week in Neo4j: OpenAI, Deploying on GCP, Neodash, Graph Algorithms, Python, and More
21 January 2023

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
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Recent citations in the news

Zilliz raises $60M for open source Milvus vector database
24 August 2022, TechTarget

Zilliz, the startup behind the Milvus open source vector database for AI apps, raises $60M, relocates to SF
24 August 2022, TechCrunch

Vector database startup Zilliz raises $60M in Series B funding ...
24 August 2022, SiliconANGLE News

Zilliz Announces Key Contributions to Milvus 2.1, the Leading Open ...
3 August 2022, businesswire.com

Zilliz Unfurls Managed Vector Database Service
29 November 2022, DevOps.com

provided by Google News

BlackRock Cuts Stake in Mongodb (MDB)
1 February 2023, Nasdaq

Is MongoDB (MDB) Stock Outpacing Its Computer and Technology ...
2 February 2023, Nasdaq

Satori Expands Support to NoSQL Databases, Streamlines Secure ...
19 January 2023, Datanami

MongoDB Has Hit My Buying Threshold (NASDAQ:MDB)
7 January 2023, Seeking Alpha

Premarket Mover: Mongodb Inc (MDB) Down 2.44%
25 January 2023, InvestorsObserver

provided by Google News

How to install the Neo4j Desktop app and connect it to a remote server
2 February 2023, TechRepublic

Gemini Data and Neo4j Announce Partnership to Deliver the World's ...
23 January 2023, PR Web

Neo4j Hires its First Chief Revenue Officer
5 January 2023, Analytics India Magazine

Neo4j Announces General Availability of its Next-Generation Graph ...
9 November 2022, PR Newswire

Try a Neo4j Graph Database Right Here, Right Now
9 December 2022, The New Stack

provided by Google News

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