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DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. MySQL vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. MySQL vs. SQLite

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosofts relational DBMSWidely used open source RDBMSWidely used in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS
Additional database modelsDocument store
Key-value store
Document store
Key-value store
Key-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1215.08
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score1322.03
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score112.76
Rank#11  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.mysql.comwww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentationdev.mysql.com/­docwww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
DeveloperMicrosoftOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunDwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release198919952000
Current releaseSQL Server 2017, October 20175.7.20, October 20173.21.0, October 2017
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
Implementation languageC++C and C++C
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
server-less
Data schemeyesyesyes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsOLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languagesC++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL and .NET languagesyes infoproprietary syntaxno
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationhorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesno

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3rd party products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
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DBHawk is a web-based data management and ad-hoc BI solution for Oracle, SQL Server, MySQL, PostgreSQL, Netezza, Teradata, Redshift, MongoDB, Greenplum, and other databases.
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Progress DataDirect: Data connectivity across standard SQL and REST
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Devart: Any SQL Server Tool you Need
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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MONYOG: Monitor standard & hosted MySQL database servers.
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Navicat for MySQL is the ideal solution for MySQL/MariaDB administration and development.
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Navicat for SQLite is a powerful and comprehensive SQLite GUI that provides a complete set of functions for database management and development.
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We invite representatives of 3rd party vendors to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Microsoft SQL ServerMySQLSQLite
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Recent citations in the news

Microsoft technology refresh touches SQL Server, integration tooling
13 November 2017, TechTarget

Microsoft releases open source SQL Server DevOps tool for Linux, Mac
18 November 2017, iTWire

SQL Server Database Administrator
13 November 2017, Built In Chicago

Microsoft boosts SQL Server machine learning services
9 November 2017, TechTarget

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10 November 2017, AndroGuru.com (blog)

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