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DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. SurrealDB

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. SurrealDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonSurrealDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSA fully ACID transactional, developer-friendly, multi-model DBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score821.56
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score1.02
Rank#190  Overall
#33  Document stores
#18  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serversurrealdb.com
Technical documentationlearn.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serversurrealdb.com/­docs
DeveloperMicrosoftSurrealDB Ltd
Initial release19892022
Current releaseSQL Server 2022, November 2022v1.5.0, May 2024
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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SQLServer Flex @ STACKIT offers a managed version of SQL Server with adjustable CPU, RAM, storage amount and speed, in enterprise grade to perfectly match all application requirements. All services are 100% GDPR-compliant.
Implementation languageC++Rust
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes
Secondary indexesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
GraphQL
RESTful HTTP API
WebSocket
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Deno
Go
JavaScript (Node.js)
Rust
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java
Triggersyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federation
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes, based on authentication and database rules

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Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
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Navicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
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More resources
Microsoft SQL ServerSurrealDB
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