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DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. SpatiaLite vs. Titan

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. SpatiaLite vs. Titan

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonSpatiaLite  Xexclude from comparisonTitan  Xexclude from comparison
Titan has been decommisioned after the takeover by Datastax. It will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking. A fork has been open-sourced as JanusGraph.
DescriptionMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSSpatial extension of SQLiteTitan is a Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSSpatial DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score912.51
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score2.37
Rank#125  Overall
#3  Spatial DBMS
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.gaia-gis.it/­fossil/­libspatialite/­indextitan.thinkaurelius.com
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverwww.gaia-gis.it/­gaia-sins/­spatialite_topics.htmlgithub.com/­thinkaurelius/­titan/­wiki
DeveloperMicrosoftAlessandro FurieriAurelius, owned by DataStax
Initial release198920082012
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 20195.0.0, August 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoMPL 1.1, GPL v2.0 or LGPL v2.1Open Source infoApache license, version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++C++Java
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
server-lessLinux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesno
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Java API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Clojure
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javanoyes
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationnoneyes infovia pluggable storage backends
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionnoneyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics engine
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes infoRelationships in graph
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcast
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoUser authentification and security via Rexster Graph Server

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More resources
Microsoft SQL ServerSpatiaLiteTitan
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