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DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. SpaceTime vs. TimescaleDB

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. SpaceTime vs. TimescaleDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonSpaceTime  Xexclude from comparisonTimescaleDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSSpaceTime is a spatio-temporal DBMS with a focus on performance.A time series DBMS optimized for fast ingest and complex queries, based on PostgreSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSSpatial DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score954.29
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#353  Overall
#5  Spatial DBMS
Score4.33
Rank#84  Overall
#5  Time Series DBMS
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.mireo.hr/­spacetimewww.timescale.com
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.timescale.com
DeveloperMicrosoftMireoTimescale
Initial release198920202017
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++C++C
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
LinuxLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnumerics, strings, booleans, arrays, JSON blobs, geospatial dimensions, currencies, binary data, other complex data types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyes
Secondary indexesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesA subset of ANSI SQL is implementedyes infofull PostgreSQL SQL syntax
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
RESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C#
C++
Python
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javanouser defined functions, PL/pgSQL, PL/Tcl, PL/Perl, PL/Python, PL/Java, PL/PHP, PL/R, PL/Ruby, PL/Scheme, PL/Unix shell
Triggersyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationFixed-grid hypercubesyes, across time and space (hash partitioning) attributes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionReal-time block device replication (DRBD)Source-replica replication with hot standby and reads on replicas info
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Microsoft SQL ServerSpaceTimeTimescaleDB
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Timescale grabs $40M Series B as it goes all in on cloud version of time series database
5 May 2021, TechCrunch

Understanding Hyperfunctions in TimescaleDB
11 August 2021, CDOTrends

Timescale launches the new Timescale Cloud, a hosted relational database for time-series
5 October 2021, Business Wire

Timescale scales out and sets its sights on analytics
17 June 2021, ZDNet

Timescale Launches Industry's First Multi-Node Relational Database for Time-Series Data, Giving Organizations Unprecedented Scale
29 October 2020, Business Wire

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