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DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. Solr vs. Sphinx

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. Solr vs. Sphinx

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonSolr  Xexclude from comparisonSphinx  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosofts relational DBMSA widely used enterprise search engine based on Apache LuceneOpen source search engine for searching in data from different sources, e.g. relational databases
Primary database modelRelational DBMSSearch engineSearch engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1094.72
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score57.57
Rank#17  Overall
#3  Search engines
Score7.39
Rank#47  Overall
#5  Search engines
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverlucene.apache.org/­solrsphinxsearch.com
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentationlucene.apache.org/­solr/­resources.htmlsphinxsearch.com/­docs
DeveloperMicrosoftApache Software FoundationSphinx Technologies Inc.
Initial release198920042001
Current releaseSQL Server 2017, October 20178.2.0, July 20193.1.1, October 2018
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoGPL version 2, commercial licence available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++JavaC++
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
All OS with a Java VM and a servlet container inforuns as a servlet in servlet container (e.g. Tomcat, Jetty is included)FreeBSD
Linux
NetBSD
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyes infoDynamic Fields enables on-the-fly addition of new fieldsyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infosupports customizable data types and automatic typingno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes infofull-text index on all search fields
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesno infosupports limited query time joinsSQL-like query language (SphinxQL)
APIs and other access methodsOLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
Erlang
Java
JavaScript
any language that supports sockets and either XML or JSON
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C++ infounofficial client library
Java
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby infounofficial client library
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaJava pluginsno
Triggersyesyes infoUser configurable commands triggered on index changesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationShardingSharding infoPartitioning is done manually, search queries against distributed index is supported
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editioncloud/distributed (via Zookeeper)
Master-slave replication
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoslaves poll the master in predefined intervalls
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDoptimistic locking infoSolr 4no
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoThe original contents of fields are not stored in the Sphinx index.
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno

More information provided by the system vendor

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Related products and services
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SQLPro for MSSQL: A simple but powerful Microsoft SQL Server database client available on iPhone and iPad as well as macOS.
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More resources
Microsoft SQL ServerSolrSphinx
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