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DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. Snowflake vs. TerarkDB

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. Snowflake vs. TerarkDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparisonTerarkDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured dataA key-value store forked from RocksDB with advanced compression algorithms. It can be used standalone or as a storage engine for MySQL and MongoDB
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score845.81
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score125.38
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Score0.06
Rank#377  Overall
#57  Key-value stores
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.snowflake.comgithub.com/­bytedance/­terarkdb
Technical documentationlearn.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.htmlbytedance.larkoffice.com/­docs/­doccnZmYFqHBm06BbvYgjsHHcKc
DeveloperMicrosoftSnowflake Computing Inc.ByteDance, originally Terark
Initial release198920142016
Current releaseSQL Server 2022, November 2022
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercialcommercial inforestricted open source version available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C++
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
hosted
Data schemeyesyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)schema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesno
Secondary indexesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesno
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
C++ API
Java API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javauser defined functionsno
Triggersyesno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resourcesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationyesnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionyesnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationno

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More resources
Microsoft SQL ServerSnowflakeTerarkDB
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